The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • Balasingh, J., Subbarat R., and S. S. Isaac. 1994. Sexual segregation in th eIndian false vampire Megaderma lyra (Microchiroptera). Bat Research News 35:7.
  • Baron, G., H. Stephan, and H. D. Frahm. 1996. Comparative Neurobiology in Chiroptera. Volume 1. Macromorphology, brain structures, tables and atlases. Birkhauser Verlag., Basal.
  • Begum, ., K. Alexander. 1993. Specialized skin glands of behavioral relevance in the microchiropteran bat, *Megaderma lyra*.. Bat Research News, 34 (1): 11-12.
  • Corbet, G. B., and J. E. Hill. 1992. The Mammals of the Indomalayan Region: A Systematic Review. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder (eds.), Mammal Species of the World,Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, 2005.
  • Eisentraut, M. 1950. Die Ernahrung der Fledermause. Zoologische Jahrbucher Jena 79:114-177.
  • Ellerman, J. R., and T. C. S. Morrison-Scott. 1951. Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian Mammals 1758 to 1946. 810
  • Gopalakrishna, A. 1950. Studies on the embryology of Microchiroptera Part VI Structure of the placenta in the Indian Vampire bat Megaderma lyra lyra. Proceedings of the National Institute of Science India 16:93-98.
  • Gopalakrishna, A., M. S. Khaparde, and V. M. Sapkal. 1976. Parturition in the Indian false vampire bat, Megaderma lyra lyra. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 73:464-467.
  • Gopalakrishna, A., and N. Badwaik. 1990. An analysis of some external factors in the sexual periodicity of the Indian bat Megaderma lyra lyra. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 87:240-246.
  • Goyman, W., D. Leippert, H. Hofer. 2000. Sexual Segregation, roosting, and social behavior in a free-ranging colony of Indian false vampires (*Megaderma lyra*).. Zeitschrift fuer Saeugetierkunde, 65 (3): 138-148.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Issac, S. S., and G. Marimuthu. 1996. Postnatal growth and age estimation in the Indian pygmy bat Pipistrellus mimus. Journal of Mammalogy 77:199-204.
  • Jones, K. E. 1998. Evolution of Bat Life Histories. University of Surrey, Roehampton., London.
  • Koopman, K. F. 1994. Chiroptera: J. Niethammer, H. Schliemann, and D. Starck, editors. Handbook of Zoology. Volume 8 Mammalia, Berlin and New York.
  • Kurta, A., and T. H. Kunz. 1987. Size of bats at birth and maternal investment during pregnancy. Symposia of the Zoological Society London 57:79-106.
  • Leippert, D. 1994. Social behavior on the wing in the false vampire, *Megaderma lyra*. Ethology, 98 (2): 111-127.
  • Lekagul, B., J. McNeely. 1977. Mammals of Thailand. Bangkok: Sahakarnbharn.
  • Lewis, S. E. 1995. Roost fidelity in bats. A review. Journal of Mammalogy 76:481-496.
  • Murthy, K. V. R. 1979. Studies on the male genitalia of Indian bats Part III Male genitalia of the Indian vampire bat Megaderma lyra lyra. Journal of Zoological Society of India 31:55-60.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at
  • Norberg, U. M., and J. M. V. Rayner. 1987. Ecological morphology and flight in bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera): wing adaptations, flight performance, foraging strategy and echolocation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 316:335-427.
  • Norberg, U. M., and M. B. Fenton. 1988. Carnivorous bats? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 33:383-394.
  • Nowak, R. 1994. Walker's Bats of the World. Baltomore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Rajan, K., G. Marimuthu. 1999. Localization of prey by the Indian false vampire bat, *Megaderma lyra*. Mammalia, 63(2): 149-158.
  • Ramaswamy, K. R. 1961. Studies on the sex-cycle of the Indian vampire bat Megaderma lyra lyra, Part 1 :Breeding habits. Proceedings of the National Institute of Science India 27:287-307.
  • Schmidt, S., S. Hanke, J. Pillat. 2000. The role of echolocation in hunting terrestrial prey – new evidence for an underestimated strategy in the gleaning bat, *Megaderma lyra*. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 186 (10): 975-988.
  • Silva, M., and J. A. Downing. 1996. CRC Handbook of Mammalian Body Masses. CRC Press, New York, New York, USA.
  • Simmons, Nancy B. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Order Chiroptera. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 312-529
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Stephan, H., J. E. Nelson, and H. D. Frahm. 1981. Brain size comparison in Chiroptera. Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionforschung 19:195-222.
  • WANG Sung WANG JiaJun and LUO YiNin, MAMMALIAN NAMES(LATIN, CHINESE AND ENGLISH),Beijing:Science Press, 1994.
  • Wilkinson and South (2002) Life history, ecology and longevity in bats. Aging Cell, 1:124-131.
  • Wilkinson, G. S., and G. F. McCracken. 2003. Bats and balls: sexual selection and sperm competition in the Chiroptera. Pages 128-155 in T. H. Kunz and M. B. Fenton, editors. Bat ecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • 汪松, 中国濒危动物红皮书·兽类,北京:科学出版社, 1998: 1-417.


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