Costa Rica, Panama
Species description based on Savage (2002) and Vaughan and Mendelson (2007). A small toad with a rather pointed nose. Males reach lengths of at least 23.4 mm, females to 37.4 mm.
Dorsal coloration ranges from gray to brown to orange with few distinct markings. The dorsal surface is covered in small, sometimes pointed warts. The pointed warts are concentrated along the lateral surface of the body and on the upper surfaces of the thighs. The paratoid glands are small and round. The head has very prominent craniel crests.
The hands and feet are extensively webbed.
Habitat and Ecology
Montane cloudforest or oak forest between 1051-2040 m.
Crepidophryne epiotica lives underground or under deep leaf litter and only rarely comes to the surface (Savage 2002, Vaughan and Mendelson 2007). It is restricted to deep primary forest (Savage 2002, Vaughan and Mendelson 2007).
Life History and Behavior
Behavior and communication
Crepidophryne epiotica moves by walking slowly on all four limbs, or by taking small leaps (Vaughan and Mendelson 2007).
Many small pale-colored eggs were extracted from a preserved specimen (Trueb 1971).
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Crepidophryne epiotica
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 2004Least Concern (LC)
Only few specimens of Crepidophryne epiotica have been observed or collected in Costa Rica and Panama's unaltered premontane forests. In Costa Rica this species is known as "sapo ratón" or "mouse toad". Crepidophryne seems to be diurnal and is found over dead leafs on the forest floor. Its coloration and shape makes it cryptic and unobservable unless it moves.
- Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Chaves, G., Savage, J., Jaramillo, C., Fuenmayor, Q. & Young, B. 2004. Crepidophryne epiotica. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 21 July 2007.
- "Amphibian Species of the World - Crepidophryne epiotica". http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/names.php?taxon=epiotica&family=&subfamily=&genus=Crepidophryne&commname=&authority=&year=&geo=0&dist=&comment=. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
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