Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
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Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel Kingdom
Appeltans et al, 2012
AskNature Kingdom
Biological Atlas of the Arctic Seas 2000 Kingdom
BIOL204- Botany, Jacksonville University Kingdom
Barton, Finkel et al, 2013 Kingdom
BioImages resource
BioImages resource Kingdom
  • Chromista
Botany resource Kingdom
EOL Group on Flickr Kingdom
EOL hotlist Scratchpad Kingdom
  • Chromista
Environments Kingdom
FALO Classification
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GBIF national node classification resource: Germany Kingdom
GBIF national node type records: Germany Kingdom
GBIF national node type records: United Kingdom Kingdom
Global Biotic Interactions
Herring, 1987 Kingdom
Index Fungorum
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Regn. Import
  • Chromista Cavalier-Smith, 1981
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
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Appeltans et al, 2012 Kingdom
Leblanc et al, 2012 Kingdom
Library of Alexandria Kingdom
MarLIN resource Kingdom
MycoBank Classification
Natural History Museum Species of the day Kingdom
OBIS depth range resource Kingdom
Ocean Genome Resource- genomic DNA available Kingdom
Ocean Genome Resource- genomic DNA available
Olenina et al, 2006 Kingdom
Reid et al, 2012 Kingdom
Sal et al, 2013 Kingdom
Sloan-CoML NameLink Project
  • Chromista
Smithsonian type specimen data Kingdom
Smithsonian type specimen data Phylum
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Taxonomic Hierarchy of COL-China 2012
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World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)
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Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
Wikipedia Kingdom
iNaturalist Images Kingdom


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