The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Baeza, J. A., J. A. Bolaños, S. Fuentes, J. E. Hernandez, C. Lira and R. López. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of enigmatic Caribbean spider crabs from the Mithrax–Mithraculus species complex (Brachyura: Majidae: Mithracinae): ecological diversity and a formal test of genera monophyly. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 90(4): 851–858.
  • Davie, P. (2015). Mithraculus sculptus. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Felder, D. L., F. Álvarez, J. W. Goy, and R. Lemaitre. 2009. Decapoda (Crustacea) of the Gulf of Mexico, with Comments on the Amphionidacea,
  • Figueiredo, J., L. Narciso, R. Turingan, and J. Lin. 2008. Eficiency of using emerald crabs Mithraculus sculptus to control bubble alga Ventricaria ventricosa (syn. Valonia ventricosa) in aquaria habitats. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 88(1): 95-101.
  • Ng, P.K.L. & Davie, P. (2013). WoRMS Brachyura: World List of marine Brachyura (version 2013-03-04). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Penha-Lopes G., A.L. Rhyne, J. Lin, and L. Narciso. 2006. Effects of temperature, stocking density and diet on the growth and survival of juvenile Mithraculus fórceps (A. Milne-Edwards, 1875) (Decapoda: Brachyura: Majidae). Aquaculture Research, 37: 398-408.
  • Rhyne, A. L., Y. Fujita, and R. Calado. 2006. Larval development and first crab of Mithraculus sculptus (Decapoda: Brachyura: Majoidea: Mithracidae) described from laboratory-reared material. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 86: 1133-1147.
  • White, A. 1847. List of the specimens of Crustacea in the collection of the British Museum. London: British Museum.
  • Williams, A.B., 1984. Shrimps, lobsters, and crabs of the Atlantic coast of the eastern United States, Maine to Florida. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press


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