This species is distributed in the western Atlantic, including Florida, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bermuda, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and the US Virgin Islands (Holthuis 2006, Palomares and Pauly 2009). The larvae of this species has been found in the 'Bermuda triangle' area which includes Bermuda, the coast of the United States from North Carolina to south Florida, the Bahamas and the north of Puerto Rico (Holthuis 1991). In the Bermuda area - 22°50' to 33°02'N and 64°33' to 78°27'W.
This species has many synonyms and therefore many different type localities. The type locality for Scyllarides guineensis is the coast of Guinea, West Africa. However, as the species has not been reported from West Africa before or since, there is some doubt about the correctness of this type location.
The type locality of S. sculptus is not known, but the holotype is labelled 'Méditerranée' which is likely to be incorrect.
The type locality of S. sculptus bermudensis is Bermuda (Holthuis 1991).