Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)

Name Relationship
Xestospongia de Laubenfels 1932 Preferred
Xestospongia magna (Vacelet, 1969) Synonym
Xestospongia cylindrica (Lamarck, 1815)
Xestospongia gibbosa (Keller, 1889)
Xestospongia proxima (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Xestospongia rosariensis Zea & Rützler, 1983
Xestospongia fistulata (Kirkpatrick, 1907)
Xestospongia trindanea Ristau, 1978
Xestospongia caycedoi Zea & van Soest, 1986
Xestospongia dominicana Pulitzer-Finali, 1986
Xestospongia sapra de Laubenfels, 1954
Xestospongia pacifica Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1988
Xestospongia exigua (Kirkpatrick 1900)
Xestospongia subtriangularis (Duchassaing 1850)
Xestospongia carbonaria (Lamarck, 1814)
Xestospongia cretacea (Schmidt 1870)
Xestospongia marquezii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Xestospongia halichondrioides (Wilson, 1902)
Xestospongia vanilla (De Laubenfels, 1930)
Xestospongia calyx de Laubenfels 1950


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