The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Brett, W.B, M.B. Robbins, and A. T. Peterson. 2006. Evolutionary history of woodpeckers and allies (Aves: Picidae): Placing key taxa on the phylogenetic tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 389-399.
  • Fleischer, R.C., J.J. Kirchman, J.P. Dumbacher, et al. 2006. Mid-Pleistocene divergence of Cuban and North American Ivory-billed Woodpeckers. Biology Letters 2: 466-469.
  • Fuchs, J., J.-M. Pons, L. Liu, P.G.P. Ericson, A. Couloux, and E. Pasquet. 2013. A multi-locus phylogeny suggests an ancient hybridization event between Campephilus and melanerpine woodpeckers (Aves: Picidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 578-588.
  • Gotelli, N.J., A. Chao, R.K. Colwell, W.H. Hwang, and G.R. Graves. Specimen-based modeling, stopping rules, and the extinction of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker. Conservation Biology 26(1): 47-56.
  • Lammertink, M., T.W. Gallagher, K.V. Rosenberg, et al. 2011. Film Documentation of the Probably Extinct Imperial Woodpecker (Campephilus imperlalis). The Auk 128 (4): 671-677.
  • Winkler, H. and D.A. Christie. 2002. Family Picidae (Woodpeckers). Pp. 296-555 in: del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal. 2002. Handbook of Birds of the World, Vol. 7. Jacamars to Woodpeckers. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • Winkler, H., D.A. Christie, and D. Nurney. 1995. Woodpeckers: An Identification Guide to the Woodpeckers of the World. Houghton Mifflin, New York.
  • del Hoyo, J.; N.J. Collar; D.A. Christie, A. Elliott, and L.D.C. Fishpool. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK.


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