| Common names: snapper (English), pargo (Espanol) |
Lutjanus aratus (Günther, 1864)
Body elongate; front and rear nostrils simple holes; mouth relatively large and protractile; teeth conical to caniniform, those at front of jaws generally enlarged and fang-like; tooth patch at central roof of mouth V-shaped or crescentic; sides of roof of mouth with 1 tooth patch; 16-17 gill rakers; preopercle serrated, lower margin notched; dorsal rays XI-XII, 12; dorsal continuous; anal rays III, 7-8; soft dorsal and anal with rounded ends; tail edge concave; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins scaly; scale rows on upper back parallel to lateral line.
Grey to greenish, darker on back; centre of each scale yellowish white forming alternating dark and light stripes on side; tail blackish; fish from deeper water sometimes mainly reddish.
Size: reaches about 100 cm and at least 15kg
Habitat: juveniles found in coastal embayments and estuaries, adults range into clear, deep waters and sometimes form large aggregations in midwater over rocky bottoms.
Depth: 0-50 m.
Southern Baja California to the central Gulf of California to northern Peru, including Cocos the Galapagos and Malpelo.
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap), Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only
Water Column Position: Mid Water, Near Bottom, Bottom, Bottom + water column
Habitat: Reef (rock &/or coral), Rocks, Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom), Estuary, Water column
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated
Habitat and Ecology
Depth range (m): 0.16 - 68.5
Depth range (m): 0.16 - 68.5
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Recorded at 50 meters.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), octopus/squid/cuttlefish, bony fishes
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lutjanus aratus
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
CITES: Not listed
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
The mean abundance in Galapagos Island was of 1.08 individuals per 500 m2 and the majority of individuals were found far-northern of the island (Edgar et al. 2004). In the Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica, the median density was 0.001 individuals per m2, the standard deviation was 0.006 individuals per m2, the percentage of abundance was 0.039% and the maximum density registered for the species was 0.021 individuals per m2 (Rojas 2001).
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems