Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
view in classification
IUCN Red List Order
BOLDS resource for species-level taxa Order
EOL hotlist Scratchpad Order
  • Archidiales
view in classification
FALO Classification Order
GBIF national node type records: France Order
GBIF national node type records: Germany Order
GBIF national node type records: Netherlands Order
GBIF national node type records: Sweden Order
GBIF national node type records: United Kingdom Order
Global Biotic Interactions Order
BOLDS images II Order Import Import Order
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
view in classification
Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel Order
NCBI Taxonomy
view in classification
NatureServe resource Order
BOLDS resource for higher-level taxa
IUCN Structured Data Order
Taxonomic Hierarchy of COL-China 2012
view in classification
Tropicos resource Order
Wikipedia Order
Wikipedia Order


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

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