Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Loligo Lamarck, 1798 Preferred
Doryteuthis Naef, 1912 Junior synonym
Alloteuthis Wülker, 1920
Acrololigo Grimpe, 1921
Acroteuthis Berry, 1913
Acruroteuthis Berry, 1920
Pteroteuthis Ehrenberg, 1831

World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)

Name Relationship
Loligo Lamarck, 1798 Preferred
Loligo forbesi Steenstrup, 1856 Synonym
Loligo sagittata Lamarck, 1798
Loligo fusus Risso, 1826
Loligo urceolatus Risso, 1854
Loligo pealeii Lesueur, 1821
Loligo pleii Blainville, 1823
Loligo duvaucelii d'Orbigny, 1835
Loligo africana (Adam, 1950)
Loligo aspera Ortmann, 1888
Loligo beka Sasaki, 1929
Loligo bleekeri Keferstein, 1866
Loligo brasiliensis Blainville, 1823
Loligo chinensis Gray, 1849
Loligo gahi d'Orbigny 1835
Loligo japonica Hoyle, 1885
Loligo ocula Cohen, 1976
Loligo opalescens Berry, 1911
Loligo patagonica E. A. Smith, 1881
Loligo pealei Le Sueur, 1821
Loligo pickfordae Adam, 1954
Loligo roperi Cohen, 1976
Loligo sanpaulensis Brakoniecki, 1984
Loligo sibogae Adam, 1954
Loligo singhalensis Ortmann, 1891
Loligo spectrum Pfeffer, 1884
Loligo subulata Lamarck, 1798
Loligo surinamensis Voss, 1974
Loligo uyii Wakiya and Ishikawa, 1921
Loligo kobiensis Hoyle, 1885
Loligo arabica
Loligo budo Wakiya and Ishikawa, 1921
Loligo vossi Nesis, 1982
Loligo media (Linnaeus, 1758) sensu Forbes & Hanley, 1853
Loligo picteti Joubin, 1894
Loligo banksii Leach, 1817
Loligo plagioptera Souleyet, 1852
Loligo laticeps Owen, 1835
Loligo bartlingii Lesueur, 1821
Loligo felina Blainville, 1823
Loligo uncinata Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
Loligo pavo Lesueur, 1821
Loligo coindetii Vérany, 1839
Loligo eblanae Ball, 1841
Loligo illecebrosa Lesueur, 1821
Loligo bartramii Lesueur, 1821
Loligo oualaniensis Lesson, 1830
Loligo (Nipponololigo) Natsukari 1983
Loligo (Alloteuthis) Wülker, 1920
Loligo brevis Blainville, 1823
Loligo edulis Hoyle, 1885
Loligo sepioidea Blainville, 1823
Loligo leptura Leach, 1817
Loligo smythii Leach, 1817
Loligo kensaki Wakiya and Ishikawa, 1921
Loligo yokoyae Ishikawa, 1926
Loligo alessandrinii Vérany, 1847
Loligo bouyeri Crosse & Fischer, 1862
Loligo hartingii Verrill, 1875
Loligo cardioptera Péron & Lesueur, 1807
Loligo aequipoda Vérany, 1851
Loligo berthelotii Vérany, 1839
Loligo bianconii Vérany, 1847
Loligo marmorae Vérany, 1839
Loligo mediterranea Targioni-Tozzetti, 1869
Loligo parva Froriep, 1806
Loligo pillae Vérany, 1851
Loligo pulchra Blainville, 1823
Loligo sagitta Blainville, 1828
Loligo sepiola Blainville, 1828
Loligo spiralis de Férussac, 1823
Loligo urceolata Risso, 1854
Loligo indica Pfeffer, 1884
Loligo tetradynamia Ortmann, 1888


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