The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Caldwell, J. P., and Summers, K. (2003). ''Poison frogs (Dendrobatidae).'' Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, 2nd edition. Volume 6, Amphibians. M. Hutchins, W. E. Duellman, and N. Schlager, eds., Gale Group, Farmington Hills, Michigan, 197-210.
  • Coloma, L., Ron, S., and Lötters, S. (2004). Epipedobates anthonyi. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 11 March 2009.
  • Daly, J. W., Garraffo, H. M., Spande, T. F., Decker, M. W., Sullivan, J. P., and Williams, M. (2000). ''Alkaloids from frog skin: the discovery of epibatidine and the potential for developing novel non-opioid analgesics.'' Natural Product Reports, 17, 131-135.
  • Daly, J.W., Myers, C.W., and Whittaker, N. (1987). ''Further classification of skin alkaloids from neotropical poison frogs (Dendrobatidae), with a general survey of toxic/noxious substances in the Amphibia.'' Toxicon, 25(10), 1023-1095.
  • Darst, C. R., Menendez-Guerrero, P. A., Coloma, L. A., and Cannatella, D. C. (2005). ''Evolution of dietary specialization and chemical defense in poison frogs (Dendrobatidae): A comparative analysis.'' The American Naturalist, 165, 56-69.
  • Graham, C. H., Ron, S. R., Juan, C., Schneider, C. J., and Moritz, C. (2004). ''Integrating phylogenetics and environmental niche models to explore speciation mechanisms in dendrobatid frogs.'' Evolution, 58(8), 1781-1793.
  • Moya, I. M., Alarcon, I., and del Pino, E. M. (2007). ''Gastrulation of Gastrotheca riobambae in comparison with other frogs.'' Developmental Biology, 304, 467-478.
  • Pap Avulsos Zool (Sao Paulo) 36 (25): 302.
  • Schulte, R. (1999). Pfeilgiftfrösche. Artenteil - Peru. Inibico, Waiblingen.
  • Summers, K. and Clough, M. E. (2001). ''The evolution of coloration and toxicity in the poison frog family (Dendrobatidae).'' Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 98(11), 6227-6232.
  • Toft, C. A. (1995). ''Evolution of diet specialization in poison-dart frogs.'' Herpetologica, 51(2), 202-216.
  • Zimmermann, H. (1989). ''Conservation studies on the 'dart-poison' frogs Dendrobatidae in the field and in captivity.'' International Zoo Yearbook, 28, 31-44.


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