Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Paleobiology Database
view in classification
IABIN resource Phylum
AskNature Phylum
BOLDS resource for higher-level taxa
BOLDS resource for higher-level taxa
  • Pinophyta
BOLDS images II Phylum
BOLDS resource for species-level taxa Phylum
Conabio Phylum
EOL Group on Flickr Phylum
Environments Phylum
GBIF national node classification resource: Germany Phylum
GBIF national node type records: Sweden Phylum
GBIF national node type records: United Kingdom Phylum
Anage Data Phylum
INBio resource Phylum Import
Library of Alexandria Phylum
Library of Alexandria
AnAge database Phylum
The Biodiversity of Tamborine Mountain: images & videos Phylum
Tropicos resource Division
  • Pinophyta Cronquist, Takht. & W. Zimm. ex Reveal
Wikimedia Commons Phylum
Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons Phylum
Wikipedia Phylum
iNaturalist Images Phylum
iSpot southern Africa Class


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

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