Antaresia is a genus of pythons, non-venomous snakes found in Australia. The genus in known by the common name Children's pythons, the name of the type species. Gray named it in honour of his mentor, John George Children, who was a curator of the zoological collection at the British Museum around that time. It contains the smallest members of Pythonidae. Currently, four species are recognized.
|Species||Taxon author||Common name||Geographic range|
|A. childreniT||(Gray, 1842)||Children's python||Australia in the extreme north of Western Australia, the northern third of Northern Territory, and northeastern Queensland. Also on the islands of the Torres Strait.|
|A. maculosa||(Peters, 1873)||Spotted python||Australia from the extreme north of the Cape York Peninsula, south through eastern Queensland to northern New South Wales. Also on many islands off the coast of Queensland.|
|A. perthensis||(Stull, 1932)||Pygmy python||Australia in the northwest of Western Australia, including some coastal islands.|
|A. stimsoni||(L.A. Smith, 1985)||Stimson's python||Australia from the coast of Western Australia through the center of the country as far as the Great Dividing Range. Not found in the far north, extreme south or east.|
The name is taken from the star Antares, the 'tail' in the constellation Scorpius. The genus name was created in 1984 by Wells and Wellington in a revision of Children's pythons, those previously described as a single species in the genus Liasis. Despite a petition to suppress the taxonomic work of these authors, it gained wide acceptance and publication in 1991.
A subspecies, A. stimsoni orientalis was described by L.A. Smith (1985), but was not recognized as valid by Barker & Barker (1994).
- McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
- Browne-Cooper, Robert; Brian Bush; Brad Maryan; David Robinson (2007). Reptiles and Frogs in the Bush: Southwestern Australia. University of Western Australia Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-1-920694-74-6.
- "Antaresia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 9 September 2007.
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