The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Ali,S.I. 1973. Flora of Pakistan, No.54 Caesalpiniaceae. Karachi:Univ Karac
  • Brenan,J.P.M. 1967. Caesalp.In:Flora Trop.East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
  • Czerepanov,S.K. 1981. Plantae Vasculares, URSS. Leningrad.
  • Grossheim, A.A. 1952. Flora Kavkaza, Vol.5. Moscow,Leningrad. (Rus)
  • Heywood,V.H. & Ball,P.W. 1968. Leguminosae.In:Flora Europaea Vol.2.ed.Tutin, al.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (09/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Holotype: Standley, P. C. 1919. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 20: 185.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Li,L.C. 1988. Gleditsia. In: Fl.Reip.Pop.Sinicae, 39 (Leguminosae 1)
  • Linnaeus,C.von. 1753. Sp.Pl.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Palibin, I.V. 1941. In:Flora URSS, Vol.11. Mosqua, Leningrad. (Rus)
  • Polhill,R,M. 1990. Legumineuses.In:Flore des Mascareignes,Vol 80.J. Bosser et a
  • Roskov Y., Zarucchi J., Novoselova M. & Bisby F.(†) (eds) (2015). ILDIS World Database of Legumes (version 12, May 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Sanjappa,M. 1992. Legumes of India. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra..
  • Yakovlev, G.P. 1987. In:Flora Partis Europaeae URSS, Vol.6. Leningrad.(Rus)
    1. Baker, Whiteford L. 1972. Eastern forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1175.  Washington, DC. 642 p.
    3. Bicknell, Susan H., and William H. Smith. 1975. Influence  of soil salt, at levels characteristic of some roadside  environments, on the germination of certain tree seeds.  Plant and Soils 43:719-722.
    5. Bonner, F. T., J. D. Burton, and H. C. Grigsby. 1974. Gleditsia  L. Honeylocust. In Seeds of woody plants in the  United States. p. 431-433. C. S. Schopmeyer, tech. coordU.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook  450. Washington, DC. 883 p.
    7. Boyce, John Shaw. 1938. Forest pathology.  McGraw-Hill, New York and London. 600 p.
    9. Carpenter, Stanley B., and James W. Hanover. 1974.  Comparative growth and photosynthesis of black walnut and  honeylocust seedlings. Forest Science 20:317-324.
    11. Chase, Spencer B. 1947. Propagation of thornless  honeylocust. Journal of Forestry 45:715-722.
    13. Funk, David T. 1965. Honeylocust (Gleditsia triacanthos  L.). In Silvics of forest trees of the United  States. p. 198-201. H. A. Fowells, comp. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271. Washington, DC.
    15. Graham, Edward H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and  wildlife. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous  Publication 412. Washington, DC. 153 p.
    17. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p.
    19. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1971. Atlas of United States trees,  vol. 1. Conifers and important hardwoods. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1146. Washington, DC.  9 p., 313 maps.
    21. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States  trees (native and naturalized). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, DC. 375  p.
    23. Mattoon, H. Gleason. 1943. Farm use for tree crops. Forest  Leaves 33(6):5-7,10-11.
    25. Monk, Ralph W., and Herman H. Wiebe. 1961. Salt tolerance  and protoplasmic salt hardiness of various woody and  herbaceous ornamental plants. Plant Physiology  36(4):478-482.
    27. O'Rourke, F. L. 1949. Honeylocust as a shade and lawn tree.  American Nurseryman 90:24-29.
    29. Petheram, H. D., and Hugh G. Porterfield. 1941. Cold storage  of deciduous planting stock. Journal of Forestry 39:336-338. 
    31. Ponder, H. G., and A. L. Kenworthy. 1976. Trickle irrigation  of shade trees growing in the nursery: 1. Influence on  growth. Journal of American Society of Horticultural Science  101(2):100-103.
    33. Santamour, Frank S., Jr. 1977. The selection and breeding of  pest-resistant landscape trees. Journal of Arboriculture  3(8):146-152.
    35. Schuder, Donald L. 1958. Insect pests of honeylocust.  American Nurseryman 107(10):13,90-91.
    37. Society of American Foresters. 1980. Forest cover types of  the United States and Canada. F. H. Eyre, ed. Society of  American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 p.
    39. Stoutemyer, V. T., F. L. O'Rourke, and Wilmer W. Steiner.  1944. Some observations on the vegetative propagation of  honey locust. Journal of Forestry 42(l):32-36.
    41. Terry, J. R. 1972. The relative feeding preference of the  walkingstick for hardwoods in the mountainous region of west  Arkansas and east Oklahoma. Environmental Entomology  1(4):521- 522.
    43. U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1907. Honey locust (Gleditsia  triacanthos). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Circular  74, Forest Planting Leaflet. Washington, DC. 3 p.
    45. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Products Laboratory.  1974. Wood handbook: Wood as an engineering material. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 72.  Washington, DC. 415 p.
    47. Vines, Robert A. 1960. Trees, shrubs, and woody vines of the  Southwest. University of Texas Press, Austin. 1104 p.
    49. Wheeler, A. G., Jr., and Thomas J. Henry. 1976. Biology of  the honeylocust plant bug, Diaphnocoris chlorionis, and  other Mirids associated with ornamental honeylocust. Annals  of the Entomological Society of America 69(6):1095-1104. 
    51. Whitcomb, Carl E. 1976. Know it and grow it-a guide to the  identification and use of landscape plants in the southern  States. Oil Capital Printing Co., Tulsa, OK. 500 p.
    53. Wright, Ernest, and H. R. Wells. 1948. Tests on the  adaptability of trees and shrubs to shelterbelt planting on  certain Phymatotrichum root rot infested soils of  Oklahoma and Texas. Journal of Forestry 46(4):256-262.


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