The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bayer, Frederick M. 1956. Octocorallia. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part F: Coelenterata. F166-F231
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.
  • Moyano H. 1995. Bryozoa. En: S Simonetti JA, MTK Arroyo, A Spotorno & E Lozada (eds) Diversidad Biológica de Chile. Comité Nacional de Diversidad Biológica. Comisión Nacinal de Investigación Cientñifica y Tecnológica, Santiago Chile. 364 pp.
  • Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 803.
  • Williams G (2013) New taxa and revisionary systematics of alcyonacean octocorals from the Pacific coast of North America (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) ZooKeys 283: 15–42   10.3897/zookeys.283.4803 External link.
  • van Ofwegen, L. (2015). Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2015). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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