The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Carlgren O., 1921 . 239-241. Article:Actiniaria Part I. Pages:1-241. Journal:Danish Ingolf-Expedition. Abbreviation:Danish Ingolf-Exped. Volume: 5. Part:9. Date of publication: 1921. External link.
  • Carlgren O., 1932 . 262. Reference type:Chapter. Chapter:Die Ceriantharien, Zoantharien und Actiniarien des arktischen Gebietes . Chapter Pages:255-266. Book Title:Eine Zusammenstellung der arktischen Tierformen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898. Volume:6. Edited by:Fritz Römer, Fritz Schaudinn, August Brauer, and Walther Arndt. Publisher:Gustav Fischer. City:Jena. Date of publication: 1932. External link.
  • Carlgren O., 1949 . 79. Article:A survey of the Ptychodactiaria, Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. Pages:1-121. Journal:Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar. Abbreviation:K. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. Volume: 1. Number:1. Series:4. Date of publication: 1949. Original literature:Download Adobe PDF file . Original literature (continued):Download Adobe PDF file . External link.
  • Danielssen D. C. 1890. Actinida. in: Den Norske Nordhavs-Expedition 1876-1878. Zoologi. publish. Grøndahl and Søn, Christiania,
  • Fautin D.G. (2015). Hexacorals: Hexacorallians of the World (version Jul 2001). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • WoRMS (2015). Stomphia polaris. In: Fautin, Daphne G. (2011) Hexacorallians of the World. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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