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The Bartholomea annulata are members in a number of symbiotic relationships. They host zooxanthellae, Symbiodinium sp. dinflagellate algae that grow within the cells of the anemone aiding in biological functions and providing color.

They are also part of an association with a number of crustacean species. Many small crustaceans such as the Periclimenes yucatanicus and the Alpheus armatus receive protection within the tentacles of the anemone and also may perform cleaning functions for the anemone.

Ecosystem Impact: creates habitat

Mutualist Species:

  • Periclimenes yucatanius
  • Alpheus armatus
  • Zooxanthellae algae


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© The Regents of the University of Michigan and its licensors

Source: Animal Diversity Web

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