The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Barnes R.S.K. 1994. The brackish-water fauna of northwestern Europe. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
  • Bumann D. 1995. Localization of Digestion Activities in the Sea Anemone Haliplanella luciae. Biological Bulletin 189: 236-237.
  • Cairns S. D., Bayer F. M., and Fautin D. G., 2007 . 199. Article:*Galatheanthemum profundale* (Anthozoa: Actinaria) in the western Atlantic. Pages:191-200. Journal:Bulletin of Marine Science. Abbreviation:Bull. Mar. Sci. Volume: 80. Number:1. Date of publication: 2007. External link.
  • Carlton J.T. 1979. History, biogeography, and ecology of the introduced marine and estuarine invertebrates of the Pacific coast of North America. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Davis. 904 pp.
  • Cohen A.N. 2005 Guide to the Exotic Species of San Francisco Bay. San Francisco Estuary Institute, Oakland, CA. Available online at
  • Dunn F.D. 1982. Sexual reproduction of two intertidal sea anemones (Colenerata: Actiniaria) in Malaysia. Biotropica 14:262-271.
  • Eldredge L.G. and C.M. Smith. 2001. A guidebook of introduced marine species in Hawaii. Bihosp Museum Technical Report 21.
  • Fautin D. G. and Goodwill R. H., 2009 . 113. Article:*Neoaiptasia morbilla* new species (Cnidaria: Actiniaria), a sea anemone symbiont of sand-dwelling gastropods on Saipan, Mariana Islands, with comments on some other associations. Pages:101-115. Journal:Micronesica. Abbreviation:Micronesica. Volume: 41. Number:1. Date of publication: 2009. External link.
  • Fautin D. G., Hand C. H., and Daly M., 2009 . 313. Article:*Haliplanella* Hand, 1956 (Anthozoa, Actiniaria): proposed conservation by suppression of *Haliplanella* Treadwell, 1943 (Polychaeta). Pages:312-316. Journal:Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. Abbreviation:Bull. Zool. Nomencl. Volume: 66. Number:4. Date of publication: 18 December, 2009. External link.
  • Fautin D. G., Tan S. H., and Tan R., 2009 . 121, 123, 126, 138-139, 140. Article:Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of Singapore: abundant and well-known shallow-water species. Pages:121-143. Journal:Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Abbreviation:Raffles Bull. Zool. Volume: 22. Date of publication: 30 December, 2009. External link.
  • Fautin D.G. (2013). Hexacorals: Hexacorallians of the World (version Jul 2001). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Fautin, D. (2015). Diadumene lineata (Verrill, 1869). In: Fautin, Daphne G. (2011) Hexacorallians of the World. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Geller J. B., Fitzgerald L. J., and King C. E., 2005 . 620. Article:Fission in sea anemones: Integrative studies of life cycle evolution. Pages:615-622. Journal:Integrative and Comparative Biology. Abbreviation:Integr. Comp. Biol. Volume: 45. Date of publication: 2005. External link.
  • Gollasch, S. and K. Riemann-Zurneck. 1996. Transoceanic dispersal of benthic macrofauna: Haliplanella lineata (Verrill, 1898) (Anthozoa, Actinaria) found on a ship's hull in a ship yard dock in Hamburg Harbour, Germany. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 50:253-258.
  • Hargitt, Charles W. 1914. Anthozoa of the Woods Hole Region. Washington, DC : Government P)rinting Office. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, vol.32, 1912; Plate XLI-1
  • Hargitt, Charles W. 1914. Anthozoa of the Woods Hole Region. Washington, DC : Government P)rinting Office. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, vol.32, 1912; Plate XLI-2
  • Molina L. M., Valiñas M. S., Pratolongo P. D., Elias R., and Perillo G. M. E., 2009 . 409, 410, 412-413, 415. Article:First record of the sea anemone *Diadumene lineata* (Verrill 1871) associated to *Spartina alterniflora* roots and stems, in marshes at the Bahia Blanca estuary, Argentina. Pages:409-416. Journal:Biological Invasions. Abbreviation:Biol. Invasions. Volume: 11. DOI:10.1007/s10530-008-9258-6. Date of publication: 2009. External link.
  • Ruiz, G. M., Fofonoff P. W., Steves B., Foss S. F., & Shiba S. N. (2011). Marine invasion history and vector analysis of California: a hotspot for western North America. Diversity and Distributions. 17, 362-373.
  • Sassaman and Magnum 1970. Patterns of temperature adaptation in North American coastal actinians. Marine Biology 7:123-130.
  • Shick J.M. and A.N. Lamb. 1977. Asexual Reproduction and Genetic Population Structure in the Colonizing Sea Anemone Haliplanella luciae. Biological Bulletin 153:604-617.
  • Silva J. F., Lima C. A. C., Perez C. D., and Braga Gomes P., 2010 . 67. Article:First record of the sea anemone *Nematostella vectensis* (Actiniaria: Edwardsiidae) in Southern Hemisphere waters. Pages:66-68. Journal:Zootaxa. Abbreviation:Zootaxa. Volume: 2343. Date of publication: 2010. External link.
  • Slick J.M. 1991. A functional biology of sea anemones. Chapman and Hall, London.
  • VLIZ Alien Species Consortium
  • Verrill A. E. 1870. IV.Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856.Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, naturalist to the Expedition. Communications of the Essex Institute
  • Williams R. B., 1980 . 84-86. Article:A further note on catch-tentacles in sea anemones. Pages:84-86. Journal:Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalist's Society. Abbreviation:Trans. Norfolk Norwich Nat. Soc. Volume: 25. Date of publication: 1980. External link.
  • Zabin C. J., Carlton J. T., and Godwin L. S., 2004 . 54-57. Article:First report of the Asian sea anemone *Diadumene lineata* from the Hawaiian Islands. Pages:54-58. Journal:Occasional Papers of Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum. Abbreviation:Occ. Pap. B. P. Bishop Mus. Volume: . Number:79. Date of publication: 2004. External link.


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