The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Carlgren O., 1949 . 82. Article:A survey of the Ptychodactiaria, Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. Pages:1-121. Journal:Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar. Abbreviation:K. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. Volume: 1. Number:1. Series:4. Date of publication: 1949. Original literature:Download Adobe PDF file . Original literature (continued):Download Adobe PDF file . External link.
  • Daly M. and Gusmão L., 2007 . 9. Article:The first sea anemone (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria) from a whale fall. Pages:1-11. Journal:Journal of Natural History. Abbreviation:J. Nat. Hist. Volume: 41. Part:1-4. Date of publication: 16 February, 2007. External link.
  • Fautin D.G. (2015). Hexacorals: Hexacorallians of the World (version Jul 2001). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Fautin, D. (2015). Anthosactis excavata (Hertwig, 1882). In: Fautin, Daphne G. (2013) Hexacorallians of the World. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Grebelny S. D., 1980 . 31. Reference type:Chapter. Chapter:Distribution of the Actiniae in the Arctic. Chapter Pages:20-33. Book Title:The Theoretical and Practical Importance of the Coelenterates. Publisher:Zoological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. City:Leningrad, Murmamsk. Date of publication: 1980. External link.
  • Hertwig R. 1882. Die Actinien der Challengerexpedition. Gustav Fischer, Jena
  • Häussermann V. and Försterra G., 2005 . 95. Article:Distribution patterns of Chilean shallow-water sea anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actinaria, Corallimorpharia), with a discussion of the taxonomic and zoogeographic relationships between the actinofauna of ths South East Pacific, the South West Atlantic, and the Antarctic. Pages:91-102. Journal:Scientia Marina. Abbreviation:Sci. Mar. Volume: 69 (Suppl. 2). Date of publication: 2005. External link.
  • van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO).


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