The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Carlgren O. 1939. XXX.-- Actiniaria and Zoantharia of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition, 1902-1904. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
  • Carlgren O., 1939 (original description). 793-794. Article:Actiniaria and Zoantharia of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition, 1902-1904. Pages:791-800. Journal:Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Abbreviation:Trans. R. Soc. Edinburgh. Volume: 49. Number:3. Date of publication: 1939. External link.
  • Carlgren O., 1949 . 58. Article:A survey of the Ptychodactiaria, Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. Pages:1-121. Journal:Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar. Abbreviation:K. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. Volume: 1. Number:1. Series:4. Date of publication: 1949. Original literature:Download Adobe PDF file . Original literature (continued):Download Adobe PDF file . External link.
  • Dunn D. F., 1983 . 25. Article:Some Antarctic and sub-Antarctic sea anemones (Coelenterata: Ptychodactiaria and Actiniaria). Pages:1-67. Journal:Antarctic Research Series. Abbreviation:Ant. Res. Ser. Volume: 39. Date of publication: 1983. Original literature:Download Adobe PDF file . External link.
  • Fautin D.G. (2015). Hexacorals: Hexacorallians of the World (version Jul 2001). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Fautin, D. (2015). Epiactis brucei Carlgren, 1939. In: Fautin, Daphne G. (2011) Hexacorallians of the World. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Smaldon G., Heppell D., and Watt K. R., 1976 . 27. Article:Type specimens of invertebrates (excluding insects) held at the Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh. Pages:118. Journal:Information Series of the Royal Scottish Museum. Abbreviation:. Volume: . Series:Natural History 4. Date of publication: 1976. External link.
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!