The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Andreone, F., and Marconi, M. (2006). ''Triturus carnifex.'' Atlante degli Anfibi e dei Rettili d’Italia (Atlas of Italian Amphibians and Reptiles). Societas Herpetologica Italica, Edizioni Polistampa, Firenze, 220-225.
  • Arnold, N. (2002). Reptiles and Amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • Arntzen J. W., and Thorpe R. S. (1999). ''Italian Crested Newts Triturus carnifex in the basin of Geneva: Distribution and genetic interactions with autochthonous species.'' Herpetologica, 55(4), 423-433.
  • Arntzen, J.W., and Wallace, G.P. (1999). ''Geographic variation and taxonomy of crested newts (Triturus cristatus superspecies): morphological and mitochondrial DNA data.'' Contributions to Zoology, 68(3), 1-15.
  • Brede, E. G., Thorpe, R. S., Arntzen, J. W., and Langton, T. E. S. (2000). ''A morphometric study of a hybrid newt population (Triturus cristatus/T.carnifex): Beam Brook Nurseries, Surrey, U.K.'' Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society, 70, 685-695.
  • D'Amen, M., Vignoli, L., and Bologna, M. (2006). ''The normal development and the chromosome No. 1 syndrome in Triturus carnifex carnifex (Caudata, Salamandridae).'' Italian Journal of Zoology, 73(4), 325-333.
  • Duellman, W. E., and Trueb., L. (1994). Biology of Amphibians. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland.
  • Edgar, P., and Bird, D. R. (2006). ''Action Plan for the Conservation of the Crested Newt Triturus cristatus species complex in Europe [Internet]. Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats. Strasbourg, 2006 Nov 26-30.'' Cited 2007 Apr 2. Available at
  • IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2006. Global Amphibian Assessment. Accessed on 2 April 2007.
  • Lever, C. (1980). ''Observations at Beam Brook Nurseries.'' British Herpetological Society Bulletin, 1(6), 21-23.
  • Wallace, H. (1994). ''The balanced lethal system of crested newts.'' Heredity, 73, 41-46.


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