The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Arntzen, J. W., and Sket, B. (1997). ''Morphometric analysis of black and white European cave salamanders, Proteus anguinus.'' Journal of Zoology (London), 241(4), 699-707.
  • Bizjak-Mali, L. (1995). Histological, histochemical and ultrastructural analysis of the digestive tract of Proteus anguinus (Amphibia, Caudata), Master of Science Thesis. University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Slovenia.
  • Bizjak-Mali, L. and Bulog, B. (2004). ''Histology and ultrastructure of the gut epithelium of the neotenic cave salamander, Proteus anguinus (Amphibia, Caudata).'' Journal of Mophology, 259, 82-89.
  • Boehme, W., Grossenbacher, K., and Thiesmeier, B. (1999). Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, band 4/I:Schwanzlurche (Urodela). Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden.
  • Bons, J. and Beniez, P. (1996). Amphibiens et Reptiles du Maroc (Sahara occidental compris). Asociacion Herpetologica Española, Barcelona.
  • Bulog B. (1989). ''Differentiation of the inner ear sensory epithelia of Proteus anguinus (Urodela, Amphibia).'' Journal of Morphology, 202, 325-338.
  • Bulog B. et al. (2003). Black Proteus: mysterious dweller of the Karst in Bela krajina . Ljubljana: TV Slovenia, Video tape
  • Bulog B., and Schlegel, P. (2000). ''Functional morphology of the inner ear and underwater audiograms of Proteus anguinus (Amphibia, Urodela).'' Pflügers Archive, 439(3), 165-167.
  • Bulog, B., Mihajl, K., Jeran, Z., and Toman, M. (2002). ''Trace element concentrations in the tissues of Proteus anguinus (Amphibia, Caudata) and the surrounding environment.'' Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 136(1-4), 147-163.
  • Dumas, P. and Chris, B. (1998). ''The olfaction in Proteus anguinus.'' Behavioural Processes, 43, 107-113.
  • Durand, J.P. (1976). ''Ocular development and involution in the European Cave Salamander, Proteus anguinus Laurenti.'' The Biologial Bulletin, 151(3), 450-466.
  • Gasc, J.-P. (1997). Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Societas Europaea Herpetologica, Bonn, Germany.
  • Gorički, S., and Trontelj, P. (2006). ''Structure and evolution of the mitochondrial control region and flanking sequences in the European cave salamander Proteus anguinus.'' Gene, 378, 31-41.
  • Griffiths, R.A. (1996). Newts and Salamanders of Europe. T. and A. D. Poyser, London.
  • Guillaume, O. (2000). ''Role of chemical communication and behavioral interactions among conspecifics in the choice of shelters by the cave-dwelling salamander Proteus anguinus (Caudata, Proteidae).'' Canadian Journal of Zoology, 78(2), 167-173.
  • Honegger, R. E. (1981). Threatened Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Wiesbaden.
  • Istenic, L. and Ziegler, I. (1974). ''Riboflavin as ''pigment'' in the skin of Proteus anguinus L.'' Naturwissenschaften, 12, 686-687.
  • Istenič, L. and Bulog, B. (1979). ''The structural differentiations of the buccal and pharyngeal mucous membrane of the Proteus anguinus Laur.'' Biološki Vestnik, 27, 1-12.
  • Istenič, L. and Bulog, B. (1984). ''Some evidence for the ampullary organs in the European cave salamander Proteus anguinus (Urodela, Amphibia).'' Cell and Tissue Research, 235, 393-402.
  • Istenič, L. and Sojar, A. (1974). ''Oxygen consumption of Proteus anguinus.'' Acta Carsologica, 6, 299-305.
  • Kalezic, M., and Dzukic, G. (2001). ''Amphibian status in Serbia and Montenegro (FR Yugoslavia).'' FROGLOG, 45.
  • Kos, M. (1992). ''Fine structure of of the skin of Proteus anguinus Laurenti (Urodela, Amphibia) and comparison of the skin of the pigmentless and pigmented specimen. Unpublished dissertation.''
  • Kos, M., Bulog, B., Szél, A., and Röhlich P. (2001). ''Immunocytochemical demonstration of visualpigments in the degenerate retinal and pineal photoreceptors of the blind cavesalamander (Proteus anguinus).'' Cell and Tissue Research, 303(1), 15-25.
  • Nöllert, A. and Nöllert, C. (1992). Die Amphibien Europas. Franckh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH and Company, Stuttgart.
  • Schegel, P., and Bulog, B. (1997). ''Population-specific behavioral electrosensitivity of the European blind cave salamander, Proteus anguinus.'' Journal of Physiology (Paris), 91, 75-79.
  • Schlegel P. (1996). ''Behavioral evidence and possible physical and physiological mechanisms for earth magnetic orientation in the European Blind Cave Salamander, Proteus anguinus.'' Mémoires de Biospéologie, 23, 5-16.
  • Schlegel P.A., Briegleb W., Bulog B., Steinfartz S. (2006). ''Revue et nouvellesdonnées sur la sensitivité a la lumiere et orientation non-visuelle chez Proteus anguinus, Calotriton asper et Desmognathus ochrophaeus (Amphibiens urodeles hypogés).'' Bulletin de la Société herpétologique de France, 118, 1-31.
  • Sket, B. (1997). ''Distribution of Proteus (Amphibia: Urodela: Proteidae) and its possible explanation.'' Journal of Biogeography, 24, 263-280.
  • Stet, B., and Arntzen, J. W. (1994). ''A black, non-troglomorphic amphibian from the karst of Slovenia: Proteus anguinus parkelj n. ssp. (Urodela: Proteidae).'' Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde, 64(1), 33-53.
  • Stuart, S., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J., Cox, N., Berridge, R., Ramani, P., and Young, B. (eds) (2008). Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Edicions, IUCN, and Conservation International, Barcelona, Spain; Gland, Switzerland; and Arlington, Virginia, USA.
  • Stumpel-Rieks, S. E. (1992). Nomina Herpetofaunae Europaeae. AULA-Verlag, Wiesbaden.
  • Trontelj, P., Douady, C., Fišer, C., Gibert, J., Gorički, S., Lefébure, T., Sket, B., and Zakšek, V. (2007). ''A molecular test for cryptic diversity in ground water: how large are the ranges of macro-stygobionts?'' Freshwater Biology, 54, 727-744.
  • Uiblein, F., Durand, J. P., Juberthie, C., and Parzefall, J. (1992). ''Predation in caves: the effects of prey immobility and darkness on the foraging behaviour of two salamanders, Euproctus asper and Proteus anguis.'' Bahavioural Processes, 28, 33-40.
  • Voituron, Y., de Fraipont, M., Issartel, J., Guillaume, O., and Clobert, J. (2010). ''Extreme lifespan of the human fish (Proteus anguinus): a challenge for ageing mechanisms .'' Biology Letters, Published online before print July 21, 2010, doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2010.0539 .


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