The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Bouchet, P.; Rosenberg, G.; Huber, M. (2015). Panopea abrupta (Conrad, 1849) †. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=505401
- Turgeon, D. D., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, W. K. Emerson, W. G. Lyons, W. Pratt, et al. 1988. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 16. vii + 277
- Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526
- Vadopalas, Brent, Theodore W. Pietsch, and Carolyn S. Friedman. 2010. The Proper Name for the Geoduck: Resurrection of Panopea Generosa Gould, 1850, from the Synonymy of Panopea abrupta (Conrad, 1849) (Bivalvia: Myoida: Hiatellidae). Malacologia, vol. 52, no. 1. 169-173
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