The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Allen, J., B. Pernet. 2007. Intermediate modes of larval development: bridging the gap between planktotrophy and lecithotrophy. Evolution & Development, 9/6: 643-653.
  • Ardovini, R.; Cossignani, T. 2004. West African seashells (including Azores, Madeira and Canary Is.) = Conchiglie dell'Africa Occidentale (incluse Azzorre, Madeira e Canarie). English-Italian edition. L'Informatore Piceno: Ancona, Italy. ISBN 88-86070-11-X. 319 pp.
  • Backeljau, T. 1986. Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van België [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp.
  • Barnes, C., S. Jennings, J. Barry. 2009. Environmental correlates of large-scale spatial variation in the δ13C of marine animals. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 81/3: 368-374.
  • Barraclough, R., J. Walker, N. Hamilton, D. Fishwick, A. Curran. 2006. Sensitization to king scallop (Pectin maximus) and queen scallop (Chlamys opercularis) proteins. Occupational Medicine, 56: 63-66.
  • Bouchet P., Gofas S. & Rosenberg G. (2015). WoRMS Mollusca: World Marine Mollusca database (version Feb 2013). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Chlamys opercularis (Linnaeus)
  • Christensen, J.M., (1980). Seashells. Bivalves of the British and Northern European Seas. Revised and adapted by Peter S. Dance. Hamondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd. External link.
  • Cragg, S. 1991. Scallops: Biology, Ecology, and Aquaculture. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Dyntaxa. 2013. Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at [15-01-2013].
  • Fay, C., R. Neves, G. Pardue. 1983. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (mid-Atlantic): bay scallop. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Services Program FWS/OBS, 82 (11.12): 1-17. Accessed October 22, 2012 at
  • Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. External link.
  • Foy, Sally; Oxford Scientific Films. 1982. The Grand Design: Form and Colour in Animals. Lingfield, Surrey, U.K.: BLA Publishing Limited for J.M.Dent & Sons Ltd, Aldine House, London. 238 p.
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. 2001. Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50:
  • Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.), (1995b). Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press. External link.
  • Hickson, J., A. Johnson, T. Heaton, P. Balson. 1999. The shell of the queen scallop Aequipecten opercularis (L.) as a promising tool for palaeoenvironmental reconstruction: Evidence and reasons for equilibrium stable-isotope incorporation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 154/4: 325-337.
  • Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E. (ed.), (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.] External link.
  • Jenkins, S., W. Lart, B. Vause, A. Brand. 2003. Seasonal swimming behaviour in the queen scallop (Aequipecten opercularis) and its effect on dredge fisheries. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 289: 163-179.
  • Kamenos, N., P. Calosi, P. Morre. 2006. Substratum-mediated heart rate responses of an invertebrate to predation threat. Animal Behavior, 71: 809-813.
  • Kamenos, N., P. Moore, J. Hall-Spencer. 2004. Attachment of the juvenile queen scallop (Aequipecten opercularis (L.)) to maerl in mesocosm conditions; juvenile habitat selection. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 306/2: 139-155.
  • Kamenos, N., P. Moore, J. Hall-Spencer. 2004. Maerl grounds provide both refuge and high growth potential for juvenile queen scallops (Aequipecten opercularis L.). Journal of experimental of marine biology and ecology, 313: 241–254. Accessed October 22, 2012 at
  • Kristmundsson, A., S. Helgason, S. Bambir, M. Eydal, M. Freeman. 2011. Previously unknown apicomplexan species infecting Iceland scallop, Chlamys islandica (Müller, 1776), queen scallop, Aequipecten opercularis L., and king scallop, Pecten maximus L. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 108: 147-155.
  • Lehane, C., J. Davenport. 2002. Ingestion of mesozooplankton by three species of bivalve; Mytilus edulis, Cerastoderma edule, and Aequipecten opercularis. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 82: 615-619.
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.
  • Muller, Y. 2004. Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
  • Murray, L., H. Hinz, M. Kaiser. 2009. "Marine fisheries research report to DAFF" (On-line). Accessed October 22, 2012 at
  • NBN (National Biodiversity Network), (2002). National Biodiversity Network gateway., 2008-10-31 00:00:00 External link.
  • Pechenik, J. 2009. Biology of the Invertebrates. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
  • Phillipp, E., M. Schmidt, C. Gsottbauer, A. Sänger, D. Abele. 2008. Size- and age-dependent changes in adductor muscle swimming physiology of the scallop Aequipecten opercularis. Journal of Experimental Biology, 211: 2492-2501.
  • Román, G., M. Campos, C. Acosta, J. Cano. 1999. Growth of the queen scallop (Aequipecten opercularis) in suspended culture: influence of density and depth. Aquaculture, 178/1: 43-62.
  • Schmidt, M., E. Phillipp, D. Abele. 2008. Size and age-dependent changes of escape response to predator attack in the queen scallop Aequipecten opercularis. Marine Biology Research, 4: 442-450.
  • Seaward, D.R., (1982). Sea area atlas of the marine molluscs of Britain and Ireland. Peterborough: Nature Conservancy Council. External link.
  • Shumway, S., G. Parsons. 2006. Scallops: Biology, ecology and aquaculture. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Strahl, J., D. Abele. 2010. Cell turnover in tissues of the long-lived ocean quahog Arctica islandica and the short-lived scallop Aequipecten opercularis. Marine Biology, 157/6: 1283-1292.
  • TOURENNE Murielle, ZIEMSKI Frédéric, in : DORIS, 30/12/2010 : Aequipecten opercularis (Linnaeus, 1758),
  • Tebble, N., (1966). British Bivalve Seashells. A Handbook for Identification, 2nd ed. Edinburgh: British Museum (Natural History), Her Majesty's Stationary Office. External link.
  • Vanderperren, J.-P. 1991. Report Natural History Archive 1990 [Verslag Natuurhistorisch Archief 1990]. De Strandvlo 11(3): 65-75
  • Vause, B., B. Beukers-Stewart, A. Brand. 2007. Fluctuations and forecasts in the fishery for queen scallops (Aequipecten opercularis) around the Isle of Man. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 64/6: 1124-1135.
  • Winkler, F., B. Estévez, L. Jollán, J. Garrido. 2001. Inheritance of the general shell color in the scallop Argopecten purpuratus (Bivalvia: Pectinidae). The Journal of Heredity, 92/6: 521-525.


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