The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bailey, J.C. and D.W. Freshwater. 1997. Molecular systematics of the Gelidiales: Inferences from separate and combined analyses of plastid rbcL and nuclear SSU gene sequences. Eur. J. Phycol. 32:343-352.
  • Fan, K.-C. 1961. Morphological studies of the Gelidiales. University of California Publications in Botany 32:315-368.
  • Freshwater, D.W. and J. Rueness. 1994. Phylogenetic relationships of some European Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) species based on rbcL nucleotide sequence analysis. Phycologia 33:187-194.
  • Freshwater, D.W. and J.C. Bailey. 1998. A multigene phylogeny of the Gelidiales including nuclear large-subunit rRNA sequence data. J. Appl. Phycol. 10:229-236.
  • Freshwater, D.W., S. Fredericq and M.H. Hommersand. 1995. A molecular phylogeny of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) based on analysis of plastid rbcL nucleotide sequences. J. Phycol. 31:616-632.
  • Guiry, Michael D. (2008). Gelidiales. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2016). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Hommersand, M.H. and S. Fredericq. 1988. An investigation of cystocarp development in Gelidium pteridifolium with a revised description of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 27:254-272.
  • Hommersand, M.H. and S. Fredericq. 1996. Vegetative and reproductive development of Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from La Jolla, California. Nova Hedwigia 112:147-160.
  • Norris, R.E. 1987. A re-evaluation of Ptilophora Kutzing and Beckerella Kylin (Gelidiales, Rhodophyceae) with a review of South African species. Botanica Marina 30:243-258.
  • Rico, J.M., D.W. Freshwater, K.G. Norwood and M.D. Guiry. 2002. Morphology and systematics of Gelidiella tenuissima (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain). Phycologia 41, 463-469.
  • Santelices, B. 1988. Synopsis fo biological data on the seaweed genera Gelidium and Pterocladia (Rhodophyta). FAO Fisheries Synopsis 145, 55 pp.
  • Santelices, B. 1999. Patterns of carposporangial production among species of Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Pages 55-69 in Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species, Volume VII (I.A. Abbott, ed.). California Sea Grant College System, La Jolla, California.
  • Santelices, B. and M.H. Hommersand. 1997. Pterocladiella, a new genus in the Gelidiaceae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 36:114-119.
  • Shimada, S., T. Horiguchi and M. Masuda. 1999. Phylogenetic affinities of genera Acanthopeltis and Yatabella (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) inferred from molecular analyses. Phycologia 38:528-540.
  • Tronchin, E.M., D.W. Freshwater and J.J. Bolton. 2003b. A re-evaluation of species in the genera Beckerella and Ptilophora (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morphological data. Phycologia (in press).
  • Tronchin, E.M., D.W. Freshwater, J.J. Bolton and R.J. Anderson. 2003a. A reassessment and reclassification of species in the genera Onikusa Adatsuka and Suhria J. Agardh ex Endlicher (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morphological data. Botanica Marina (in press).


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