The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • G. Bächli, “3.45. Family Drosophilidae”, in Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera, Vol 3: Higher Brachycera, L. Papp and B. Darvas Budapest: Science Herald, 1998, pp. 503-513.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (09/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • I. Brake and G. Bächli, Drosophilidae (Diptera). 2008, pp. 1-412.
  • L. F. Jiron and V. M. Cartin, 1981. Insect succession in the decomposition of a mammal in Costa Rica. J. New York Entomol. Soc. 89:158-165, from p. 163.
  • M. R. Wheeler, “Chapter 95. Drosophilidae”, in Manual of Nearctic Diptera, vol. 2, J. F. McAlpine, B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth, and D. M. Wood Ottawa: Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, 1987, pp. 1011-1018.


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