The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bass, D. & Cavalier-Smith, T. (2004) Phylum-specific environmental DNA analysis reveals remarkably high global biodiversity of Cercozoa (Protozoa). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 54, pp. 2393-2404.
  • Bass, D., Chao, E. E., Nikolaev, S., Yubuki, A., Ishida, K., Berney, C., Pakzad, U., Wylezich, U. & Cavalier-Smith, T. (2009) Phylogeny of novel naked filose and reticulose Cercozoa: Granofilosea cl. n. and Proteomyxidea revised. Protist 160, pp. 75-109.
  • Bass, D., Moreira, D., López-García, P., Polet, S., Chao, E. E., von der Heyden, S., Pawlowski, J. & Cavalier-Smith, T. (2005) Polyubiquitin insertions and the phylogeny of Cercozoa and Rhizaria. Protist 156, pp. 149-161.
  • Cavalier-Smith, T. & Chao, E. E. (2003) Phylogeny and classification of phylum Cercozoa (Protozoa). Protist 154, pp. 341-358.
  • Cavalier-Smith, T. (1997) Amoeboflagellates and mitochondrial cristae in eukaryotic evolution: megasystematics of the new protozoan subkingdoms Eozoa and Neozoa. Arch Protistenk 147, pp. 237-258.
  • Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998) A revised six-kingdom system of life. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 73, pp. 203-266.
  • Cavalier-Smith, T. (1999) Principles of protein and lipid targeting in secondary symbiogenesis: euglenoid, dinoflagellate, and sporozoan plastid origins and the eukaryotic family tree. J. Euk. Microbiol. 46, pp. 347-366.
  • Cavalier-Smith, T. (2002) The phagotrophic origin of eukaryotes and phylogenetic classification of Protozoa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 52, pp. 297-354.
  • Cavalier-Smith, T., Lewis, R., Chao, E. E., Oates, B. & Bass, D. (2008) Morphology and phylogeny of Sainouron acronematica sp. n. and the ultrastructural unity of Cercozoa. Protist 159, pp. 591-620.
  • Fujikura K, Lindsay D, Kitazato H, Nishida S, Shirayama. 2010. Marine Biodiversity in Japanese Waters. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11836. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011836
  • WoRMS (2011). Cercozoa. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!