The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Hess H (2011) Cyrtocrinida. In: Hess H, Messing CG, Ausich WI (Eds.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part T, Echinodermata 2 Revised, Crinoidea, vol. 3. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 180–206.
  • Messing, C. (2013). Cyrtocrinida. In: Messing, C. (2016). World List of Crinoidea. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Sieverts-Doreck H (1952)IN Moore RC, Lalicker CG, Fischer AG (1952) Invertebrate fossils. McGraw-Hill. New York, Toronto, London. 766 p., 455 fig.


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