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It is known as Bhallaatak (Hindi: भल्लातक) in India and was called "marking nut" by Europeans, because it was used by washermen to mark cloth and clothing before washing, as it imparted a water insoluble mark to the cloth. It is also known as Geeru beeja (Kannada: ಗೇರು ಬೀಜ) in Kannada and bibba in Marathi and Jeedi Ginja in Telugu.
Woody plant features
It is a deciduous tree. The nut is about 25 millimetres (1 in) long, ovoid and smooth lustrous black. In Ayurveda, the fruit is considered a rasayana for longevity and rejuvenation. The seed inside samecarpus anacardium is known as Godambi "गोडम्बी"
Various parts of these plants are commonly used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine for the treatment of various ailments, mainly alimentary tract and certain dermatological conditions. Reports have shown noticeable impact on illnesses related to the heart, blood pressure, respiration, cancer and neurological disorders [8-10] The seed inside the samecarpus anacardium is known as "Godambi" in Hindi and is widely used in India as dry fruit. Godambi is eaten by Indians in winter and was commonly used as a method of birth control for women.
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