It is recorded from the Bahamas, Bermuda, Cuba, West Indies, Greater and Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, Central America (Panama, Guatemala, Costa Rica), Brazil, Venezuela, Suriname, Colombia, Mexico, Texas and Florida (Andrews 1940, Rosenberg 2009).
occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Type of Residency: Year-round
Global Range: (>2,500,000 square km (greater than 1,000,000 square miles)) Although the type locality is in the Mediterranean, this is doubtful, as this is likely a New World Species. In America, the distribution ranges from Florida and Bermuda to the north of South America (Pointier et al., 2005).
Habitat and Ecology
Habitat Type: Marine
Comments: This is primarily a brackish to marine species often found in river mouths (Pointier et al., 2005). This diadromous species occurs in rivers and streams, but is also found in estuaries, brackish ponds, mangroves, and in the sea (Andrews, 1940). It can withstand large changes in salinity (Andrews 1940), and is found on muddy-sandy substrates (Beasley et al., 2005). Snails have been recorded making massive upstream migrations in streams in Puerto Rico during rainy periods (Blanco and Scaten,a 2005).
Depth range (m): 0.025 - 1.6
Depth range (m): 0.025 - 1.6
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Number of Occurrences
Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.
Estimated Number of Occurrences: > 300
Life History and Behavior
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Although the type locality is in the Mediterranean, this is doubtful, as this is likely a New World Species. In America, the distribution ranges from Florida and Bermuda to the north of South America (Pointier et al., 2005).
Global Protection: Unknown whether any occurrences are appropriately protected and managed
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- Neritina virginea (Linnaeus, 1758). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 5 May 2010.
- (German) Starmühlner F. von (1988). "Ergebnisse der Österreichisch-Französischen Hydrobiologischen Mission 1979 nach Guadeloupe, Dominica und Martinique (Kleine Antillen). Teil II: Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Süß- und Brackwassermollusken von Guadeloupe, Dominica und Martinique". Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien Serie B, 90: 221-340. PDF.
Names and Taxonomy
Comments: marine species
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