The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1: Caffeine - Sources Of Caffeine
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • AFPD. 2008. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique.
  • Asamoa, Y. and J. Wurziger. 1976. Caffeine Content of Cocoa Beans. Gordian 76: 138,140
  • Baumann, Thomas W. , Schulthess, Brigitte H. and Karin Hänni. 1995. Guaraná (Paullinia cupana) rewards seed dispersers without intoxicating them by caffeine. Phytochemistry. 39(5): 1063–1070
  • Bulletin de l'Herbier Boissier 7: 957, f. 11. 1899. (Bull. Herb. Boissier)
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. 2004. Cat. Pl. Vasc. Panamá 1–599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama.
  • Dellacassa, E., Cesio, V., Vázquez, A., Echeverry, S., Soule, S., Menéndez, P., Ferreira, F., Heinzen, H. 2007. Yerba Mate: Historia, Usos Y Propiedades. Revista Institucional del Asociación de Química y Farmacia del Uruguay. Noviembre 2007, N. 51: 16-20
  • Duke, J.A. 1985. CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. 677 pp. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.
  • Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
  • Gonzalez ER, P Haye, MJ Balanda & M Thiel . 2008. Lista sistematica de especies de peracaridos de Chile (Crustaceae, Eumalacostraca). Gayana (Chile) 72: 157-1777.
  • Graham, D.M. 2009. Caffeine; its Identity, Dietary Sources, Intake and Biological Effects. Nutrition Reviews 36(4):97-102
  • Grenand, P., Moretti, C. and H. Jacquemin. 1987. Pharmacopées Traditionnelles en Guyane: Créoles, Palikur, Wayapi. 569 pp. Paris: Editions de l'ORSTOM.
  • Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. (eds.) 2008. Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venez. 1–860. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Fl. Antioquia: Cat. 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Kaplan, E., Holmes, J.H. and N. Sapeika: Caffeine Content of Tea and Coffee. S. Afr. J. Nutrition 10: 32-33, 1974
  • Luu, C. 1975. Contribution à l'étude des plantes médicinales de la Guyane Francaise. Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliqué 22(4-6): 121-141.
  • Macbride, J. F. 1956. Sterculiaceae. 13(3A/2): 622–667. In J. F. Macbride (ed.) Fl. Peru. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. Field Museum, Chicago.
  • Malvales of North America Update
  • May, A.F. 1982. Surinaams Kruidenboek (Sranan Oso Dresi). 80 pp. Paramaribo, Surinam: Vaco; and Zutphen, The Netherlands: De Walburg Pers.
  • McCusker, R.R., Goldberger, B.A., Cone, E.J. 2003. TECHNICAL NOTE: Caffeine Content of Specialty Coffees. Journal of Analytical Toxicology. 27(7): 520-522
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Publications of the Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(3A/2): 654. 1956. (21 Dec 1956) (Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser.)
  • Soejarto, D.D. and N.R. Farnsworth. 1989. Tropical rain forests: potential source of new drugs? Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32(2): 244-256.
  • Somorin, O. 1973. Spectrophotometric Determination of Caffeine in Nigerian Kola Nuts. J. Food Sci. 38: 911-912
  • Species Plantarum 2: 782. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)


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