Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Tropicos resource

Name Relationship
Theobroma cacao L. Preferred
Cacao minus Gaertn. Synonym
Cacao sativa Aubl.
Cacao theobroma Tussac
Theobroma cacao fo. leiocarpum (Bernoulli) Ducke
Theobroma cacao subsp. cacao
Theobroma cacao subsp. sativum (Aubl.) León
Theobroma cacao subsp. sphaerocarpum (A. Chev.) Cuatrec.
Theobroma cacao var. typicum Cif.
Theobroma caribaeum Sweet
Theobroma integerrimum Stokes
Theobroma leiocarpum Bernoulli
Theobroma pentagonum Bernoulli
Theobroma saltzmannianum Bernoulli
Theobroma sapidum Pittier
Theobroma sativum (Aubl.) Lign. & Le Bey
Theobroma sativum var. leucospermum A. Chev.
Theobroma sativum var. melanospermum A. Chev.
Theobroma sphaerocarpum A. Chev.

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Theobroma cacao L. Preferred
Theobroma pentogona Bernoulli
Theobroma pentagonum Bernoulli
Theobroma leiocarpum Bernoulli
Theobroma cacao subsp. cacao L.
Theobroma cocao L.
Theobroma sphaerocarpum A. Chev.
Theobroma cacao subsp. sphaerocarpum (A. Chev.) Cuatrec.
Theobroma sativa (Aubl.) Lign. & Le Bey

India Biodiversity Portal Species Data

Name Relationship
Theobroma cacao Preferred
Theobroma cacao L.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Theobroma cacao L. Preferred
Theobroma cocao L. Orthographic variant (misspelling)
Theobroma leiocarpum Bernoulli
Theobroma pentagonum Bernoulli
Theobroma sativa (Aubl.) Lign. & Le Bey
Theobroma sphaerocarpum A. Chev.
Theobroma cacao ssp. cacao L. Other, see comments
Theobroma cacao ssp. sphaerocarpum (A. Chev.) Cuatrec.

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