The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants 2: 686. 1832. (Gen. Hist.)
  • AFPD. 2008. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique.
  • Binz, A. & Ch. Heitz (1990). Schul- und Exkursions- flora für die Schweiz. Ed. 19. Schwabe, Basel.
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Munz, P. A. 1968. Suppl. Calif. Fl. 1–224. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Onagraceae of North America Update
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Rhodora 51(604): 67, pl. 1142. 1949. (Rhodora)
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1979. Dicotyledoneae (Loasaceae to Compositae). Part 4. 1117–1711 pp. In Fl. Canada. National Museums of Canada, Ottawa.
  • Systema Naturae, Editio Decima 2: 998. 1759. (Syst. Nat. (ed. 10))


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