The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Brown, SC, Bdzil, JB & HL Frisch. 1972. Responses of Chaetopterus variopedatus to osmotic stress, with a discussion of the mechanism of isoosmotic volume-regulation. Biol. Bull. 143: 278-295.
  • Brown, SC. 1975. Biomechanics of water-pumping by Chaetopterus variopedatus Renier. Skeletomusculature and kinematics. Biol. Bull. 149: 136-150.
  • Bruce, J.R., Colman, J.S. & Jones, N.S., (1963). Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. External link.
  • Dauvin, J.-C.; Dewarumez, J.-M.; Gentil, F. (2003). Liste actualisée des espèces d’Annélides Polychètes présentes en Manche [An up to date list of polychaetous annelids from the English Channel]. Cah. Biol. Mar. 44(1): 67-95
  • Fauchald, K & PA Jumars. 1979. The diet of worms: a study of the polychaete feeding guilds. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 17: 193-284.
  • Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. External link.
  • Foster-Smith, J. (ed.), (2000). The marine fauna and flora of the Cullercoats District. Marine species records for the North East Coast of England. Sunderland: Penshaw Press, for the Dove Marine Laboratory, University of Newcastle upon Tyne. External link.
  • Gray, IE. 1961. Changes in abundance of the commensal crabs of Chaetopterus. Biol. Bull. 120: 353-359.
  • Grove, MW & SA Woodin. 1996. Conspecific recognition and host choice in a pea crab, Pinnixa chaetopterana (Brachyura: Pinnotheridae). Biol. Bull. 190: 359-366.
  • Grove, MW, Finelli, CM, Wethey, DS & SA Woodin. 2000. The effects of symbiotic crabs on the pumping activity and growth rates of Chaetopterus variopedatus. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 246: 31-52.
  • Harms, J. (1993). Check list of species (algae, invertebrates and vertebrates) found in the vicinity of the island of Helgoland (North Sea, German Bight): a review of recent records. Helgol. Meeresunters. 47: 1-34
  • Hauton, C., Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Moore, P.G., (2003). An experimental study of the ecological impacts of hydraulic bivalve dredging on maerl. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 60, 381-392. External link.
  • Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C., (1996). Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins. External link.
  • Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.), (1995b). Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press. External link.
  • Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E. (ed.), (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.] External link.
  • Hsueh, P & J Huang. 1998. Polyonyx bella, a new species (Decapoda: Anomura: Porcellanidae), from Taiwan, with notes on its reproduction and swimming behavior. J. Crust. Biol. 18: 332-336.
  • JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line], External link.
  • Macginitie, GE. 1939. The method of feeding of Chaetopterus. Biol. Bull. 77: 115-118.
  • Martin, N & M Anctil. 1984. Luminescence control in the tube-worm Chaetopterus variopedatus: role of nerve cord and photogenic gland. Biol. Bull. 166: 583-593.
  • Nicol, JAC. 1954. Effect of external milieu on luminescence in Chaetopterus. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 33: 173-175.
  • Picton, B.E. & Costello, M.J., (1998). BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora of Britain and Ireland. [CD-ROM] Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin., External link.
  • Read, G. (2014). Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2013). WoRMS Polychaeta: World Polychaeta database (version 2013-03-04). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Renier, S.A. (1804) Prospetto della classe dei Vermi pp. XV-XXVII. Padua.
  • Ruppert, EE & RD Barnes. 1994. Invertebrate Zoology, 6th Edition. Saunders College Publishing. Orlando, FL. 1056 pp.
  • Schaffner, LC. 1990. Small-scale organism distributions and patterns of species diversity: evidence for positive interactions in an estuarine benthic community. Mar. Biol. Prog. Ser. 61: 107-117.
  • Thompson, ML & LC Schaffner. 2001. Population biology and secondary production of the suspension feeding polychaete Chaetopterus c.f. variopedatus: implications for benthic-pelagic coupling in lower Chesapeake Bay. Limnol. Oceanogr. 46: 1899-1907.
  • Voss, GL. 1980. Seashore life of Florida and the Caribbean. Dover Publications, Inc. Mineola, NY. USA. 199 pp.
  • Wang, J-H, Kong, J, Li, W, Molchanova, V, Chikalovets, I, Belogortseva, N, Luk'yanov, P & Y-T Zheng. 2006. A beta-galactose-specific lectin isolated from the marine worm Chaetopterus variopedatus possesses anti-HIV-1 activity. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., C: Toxicol. Pharmacol. 142: 111-117.
  • Wells, GP & RP Dales. 1951. Spontaneous activity patterns in animal behavior: the irrigation of the burrow in the polychaetes Chaetopterus variopedatus Renier and Nereis diversicolor O.F. Müller. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 29: 661-680.


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