The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Jorgensen, E. M. 2007. Identification, distribution and relative abundance of paralarval gonatid squids (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida: Gonatidae)from the Gulf of Alaska, 2001-2003. Journ. Molluscan Studies, 73: 155-165.
  • Okutani, T., I. Nakamura and K. Seti. 1995. An unusual egg-brooding behavior of an oceanic squid in the Okhotsk Sea. Venus 54: 237-239.
  • Okutani, T., M. Tagawa, and H. Horikawa. 1987. Cephalopods from continental shelf and slope around Japan
  • Okutani, T., T. Kubodera and K. Jefferts. 1983. Diversity, distribution and ecology of gonatid squids in the subarctic Pacific: A review. Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, No. 26 (1):150-192.
  • Paratype: Young, R. 1972. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 97: 43-46, pls. 13,14,17.
  • Scott, P. H., F. G. Hochberg, and B. Roth. 1990. Catalog of Recent and Fossil Molluscan Types in the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. I. Caudofoveata, Polyplacophora, Bivalvia, Scaphopoda, and Cephalopoda. Veliger, 33. 1-27
  • Seibel, B. A., B. H. Robison and S. H. D. Haddock. 2005. Post-spawning egg care by a squid. Nature 438: 929.
  • Seibel, B. A., F. G. Hochberg, and D. B. Carlini. 2000. Life history of Gonatus onyx (Cephalopoda: Teuthoidea): deep-sea spawning and post-spawning egg care. Marine Biology 137 (3): 519-526.
  • Sweeney, M. J. and C. F. E. Roper / N. A. Voss, M. Vecchione, R. B. Toll and M. J. Sweeney, eds. 1998. Classification, type localities and type repositories of recent Cephalopoda. Systematics and Biogeography of Cephalopods. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 586 (I-II). 561-599
  • Turgeon, D. D., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, W. K. Emerson, W. G. Lyons, W. Pratt, et al. 1988. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 16. vii + 277
  • Young, R. E. 1972. The systematics and areal distribution of pelagic cephalopods from the seas off Southern California. Smithson. Contr. Zool., 97: 1-159.
  • Young, Richard Edward. 1972. The systematics and areal distribution of pelagic Cephalopods from the seas off southern California. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 97. 1-159


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!