Physical Description

Type Information

Syntype for Dentalium phaneum Dall, 1895
Catalog Number: USNM 107026
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1891
Locality: Oahu Island, Maunalua Bay, South of, Hawaii, United States, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 642 to 642
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Dall, W. H. 1895. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 17(1032): 686, pl. 26, fig. 1.
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Syntype for Dentalium complexum Dall, 1895
Catalog Number: USNM 107023
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1891
Locality: Oahu Island, Maunalua Bay, South of, Hawaii, United States, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 539 to 539
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Dall, W. H. 1895. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 17(1032): 686-687, pl. 26, fig. 3.
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Syntype for Dentalium phaneum Dall, 1895
Catalog Number: USNM 107025
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1891
Locality: Oahu Island, Maunalua Bay, South of, Hawaii, United States, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 545 to 545
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Dall, W. H. 1895. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 17(1032): 686, pl. 26, fig. 1.
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Syntype for Dentalium complexum Dall, 1895
Catalog Number: USNM 107022
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1891
Locality: Oahu Island, Maunalua Bay, South of, Hawaii, United States, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 545 to 545
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Dall, W. H. 1895. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 17(1032): 686-687, pl. 26, fig. 3.
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Syntype for Dentalium simplex Pilsbry & Sharp, 1897
Catalog Number: USNM 600414
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1890
Locality: Cape Meares, Oregon, United States, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 1437 to 1437
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Pilsbry, H. A. & Sharp, B. 1897. Manual Of Conchology; Structural and Systematic. (series 1) 17: 125-126, pl. 27, figs. 88-89.
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Syntype for Dentalium simplex Pilsbry & Sharp, 1897
Catalog Number: USNM 107700
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1890
Locality: Cape Meares, Oregon, United States, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 1437 to 1437
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Pilsbry, H. A. & Sharp, B. 1897. Manual Of Conchology; Structural and Systematic. (series 1) 17: 125-126, pl. 27, figs. 88-89.
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Syntype for Dentalium numerosum Dall, 1895
Catalog Number: USNM 203102
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1888
Locality: Cerralvo Island, Baja California, Mexico, Gulf of California, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 48.5 to 48.5
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Dall, W. H. 1895. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 17(1032): 686.; Dall, W. H. 1895. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 17(1032): 686.
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Syntype for Dentalium numerosum Dall, 1895
Catalog Number: USNM 87559
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1888
Locality: Cerralvo Island, Baja California, Mexico, Gulf of California, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 48.5 to 48.5
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Dall, W. H. 1895. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 17(1032): 686.; Dall, W. H. 1895. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 17(1032): 686.
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Syntype for Dentalium numerosum Dall, 1895
Catalog Number: USNM 600413
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1888
Locality: Cerralvo Island, Baja California, Mexico, Gulf of California, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 48.5 to 48.5
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Dall, W. H. 1895. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 17(1032): 686.; Dall, W. H. 1895. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 17(1032): 686.
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Syntype for Dentalium megathyris Dall, 1890
Catalog Number: USNM 87558
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1888
Locality: Chiloe Island, West of, De Los Lagos, Chile, South Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 2454 to 2454
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Dall, W. H. 1890. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 12(773): 293, pl. 9, fig. 1.
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Syntype for Dentalium megathyris Dall, 1890
Catalog Number: USNM 110665
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1888
Locality: Chonos Archipelago, Darwin Bay, West of, Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo, Chile, South Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 1920 to 1920
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Dall, W. H. 1890. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 12(773): 293, pl. 9, fig. 1.
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Paralectotype for Dentalium carduus Dall, 1889
Catalog Number: USNM 95322
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry; Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1886
Locality: Little Bahama Bank, Grand Cay, North of, Bahamas, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 618 to 618
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Paralectotype: Dall, W. H. 1889. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 18: 423.
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Paralectotype for Dentalium matara Dall, 1889
Catalog Number: USNM 92823
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1885
Locality: Cape Lookout, East of, North Carolina, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 40 to 40
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Paralectotype: Dall, W. H. 1889. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 18: 420.
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Paralectotype for Dentalium matara Dall, 1889
Catalog Number: USNM 95364
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1885
Locality: Sarasota, West of, Florida, United States, Gulf of Mexico, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 48 to 48
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Paralectotype: Dall, W. H. 1889. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 18: 420.
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Syntype for Dentalium megathyris Dall, 1890
Catalog Number: USNM 95851
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1888
Locality: San Cristobal Island, NW of, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, South Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 1485 to 1485
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Dall, W. H. 1890. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 12(773): 293, pl. 9, fig. 1.
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Syntype for Dentalium megathyris Dall, 1890
Catalog Number: USNM 594262
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1888
Locality: San Cristobal Island, NW of, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, South Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 1485 to 1485
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Dall, W. H. 1890. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 12(773): 293, pl. 9, fig. 1.
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Syntype for Dentalium capillosum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169425
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1870
Locality: Cape Carnveira, Portugal, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 1800 to 1800
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153-154.
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Syntype for Dentalium subterfissum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 175017
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1869
Locality: Ireland, United Kingdom, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 2498 to 2498
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 154-155.
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Syntype for Dentalium capillosum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169423
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1870
Locality: Cape Mondego, Portugal, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 402 to 402
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153-154.
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Paralectotype for Dentalium matara Dall, 1889
Catalog Number: USNM 95365
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): J. Couthouy
Locality: Samana Bay, Dominican Republic, Caribbean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 29 to 29
  • Paralectotype: Dall, W. H. 1889. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 18: 420.
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Paralectotype for Dentalium carduus Dall, 1889
Catalog Number: USNM 95321
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): A. Agassiz
Year Collected: 1879
Locality: Grenada, Caribbean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 282 to 282
Vessel: Blake R/V
  • Paralectotype: Dall, W. H. 1889. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 18: 423.
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Syntype for Dentalium capillosum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169417
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1869
Locality: Hebrides Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 991 to 991
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153-154.
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Holotype for Dentalium subrectum Jeffreys, 1883
Catalog Number: USNM 176124
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Locality: Philippines, North Pacific Ocean
  • Holotype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1883. Proc. Zool. Soc. London. 1882: pg. 661.
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Holotype for Dentalium crocinum Dall, 1907
Catalog Number: USNM 110508
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1906
Locality: Honshu Island, Uraga Strait, 3.7 Miles NW Of Joga Shima Light, Kanagawa, Japan, Gulf of Tokyo, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 161 to 161
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Holotype: Dall, W. H. 1907. Smithson. Misc. Collns. 50(1727): 169.
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Syntype for Dentalium subterfissum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 175019
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1875
Locality: Greenland, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 2652 to 2652
Vessel: Valorous R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 154-155.
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Syntype for Dentalium capillosum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169419
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1875
Locality: Greenland, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 2652 to 2652
Vessel: Valorous R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153-154.
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Syntype for Dentalium candidum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169433
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1869
Locality: Ireland, United Kingdom, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 2699 to 2699
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153.
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Syntype for Dentalium candidum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169432
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1869
Locality: Ireland, United Kingdom, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 1214 to 1214
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153.
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Syntype for Dentalium vagina Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 174993
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1875
Locality: Greenland, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 3264 to 3264
Vessel: Valorous R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 155.
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Paratype for Dentalium peruvianum Dall, 1908
Catalog Number: USNM 110666
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1904
Locality: Peru, South Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 4087 to 4087
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Paratype: Dall, W. H. 1908. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 43(6): 218, 358.
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Syntype for Dentalium subterfissum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 175020
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1869
Locality: Ireland, United Kingdom, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 2699 to 2699
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 154-155.
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Syntype for Dentalium candidum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169438
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1870
Locality: Cape Carnveira, Portugal, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 1818 to 1818
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153.
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Syntype for Dentalium candidum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169429
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1875
Locality: Davis Strait, Greenland, Arctic Ocean
Depth (m): 2469 to 2469
Vessel: Valorous R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153.
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Syntype for Dentalium capillosum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169424
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1870
Locality: Cape Carnveira, Portugal, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 2003 to 2003
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153-154.
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Paralectotype for Dentalium matara Dall, 1889
Catalog Number: USNM 94095
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1885
Locality: Apalachicola Bay, South of, Florida, United States, Gulf of Mexico, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 203 to 203
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Paralectotype: Dall, W. H. 1889. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 18: 420.
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Syntype for Dentalium candidum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169436
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1869
Locality: Ireland, United Kingdom, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 3822 to 3822
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153.
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Lectotype for Dentalium matara Dall, 1889
Catalog Number: USNM 95363
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1885
Locality: Cape Lookout, North Carolina, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 57 to 57
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Lectotype: Dall, W. H. 1889. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 18: 420.
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Syntype for Dentalium capillosum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169421
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1875
Locality: Greenland, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 3264 to 3264
Vessel: Valorous R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153-154.
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Syntype for Dentalium vagina Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 174992
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1875
Locality: Greenland, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 2652 to 2652
Vessel: Valorous R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 155.
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Syntype for Dentalium candidum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169430
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1875
Locality: Davis Strait, Greenland, Arctic Ocean
Depth (m): 2012 to 2012
Vessel: Valorous R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153.
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Syntype for Dentalium candidum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169435
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1869
Locality: Ireland, United Kingdom, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 2487 to 2487
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153.
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Syntype for Dentalium capillosum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169420
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1875
Locality: Greenland, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 1262 to 1262
Vessel: Valorous R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153-154.
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Syntype for Dentalium candidum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169434
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1869
Locality: Ireland, United Kingdom, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 768 to 768
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153.
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Holotype for Dentalium peruvianum Dall, 1908
Catalog Number: USNM 110667
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1904
Locality: Peru, South Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 4064 to 4064
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Holotype: Dall, W. H. 1908. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 43(6): 218, 358.
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Syntype for Dentalium subterfissum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 175018
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1869
Locality: Ireland, United Kingdom, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 2158 to 2158
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 154-155.
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Syntype for Dentalium candidum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169431
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1869
Locality: Hebrides Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 2222 to 2222
Vessel: Porcupine R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153.
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Syntype for Dentalium candidum Jeffreys, 1877
Catalog Number: USNM 169428
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1875
Locality: Davis Strait, Greenland, Arctic Ocean
Depth (m): 750 to 750
Vessel: Valorous R/V
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1877. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (series 4) 19: 153.
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Syntype for Dentalium simplex Pilsbry & Sharp, 1897
Catalog Number: USNM 107700
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1890
Locality: Oregon, United States, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 1437 to 1437
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Pilsbry, H. A. & Sharp, B. 1897. Manual Of Conchology; Structural and Systematic. (series 1) 17: 125-126, pl. 27, figs. 88-89.
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Syntype for Dentalium simplex Pilsbry & Sharp, 1897
Catalog Number: USNM 600414
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1890
Locality: off Tillamook Harbor, Oregon, United States, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 1437 to 1437
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype: Pilsbry, H. A. & Sharp, B. 1897. Manual Of Conchology; Structural and Systematic. (series 1) 17: 125-126, pl. 27, figs. 88-89.
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 539 - 545
  Temperature range (°C): 6.993 - 6.993
  Nitrate (umol/L): 30.408 - 30.408
  Salinity (PPS): 34.113 - 34.113
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.252 - 2.252
  Phosphate (umol/l): 2.193 - 2.193
  Silicate (umol/l): 47.960 - 47.960

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 539 - 545
 
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 4 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 991 - 3264
  Temperature range (°C): 2.722 - 6.093
  Nitrate (umol/L): 14.655 - 20.212
  Salinity (PPS): 34.920 - 35.190
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.852 - 6.412
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.964 - 1.358
  Silicate (umol/l): 8.393 - 30.204

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 991 - 3264

Temperature range (°C): 2.722 - 6.093

Nitrate (umol/L): 14.655 - 20.212

Salinity (PPS): 34.920 - 35.190

Oxygen (ml/l): 5.852 - 6.412

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.964 - 1.358

Silicate (umol/l): 8.393 - 30.204
 
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1437 - 1437
  Temperature range (°C): 2.714 - 2.714
  Nitrate (umol/L): 44.152 - 44.152
  Salinity (PPS): 34.511 - 34.511
  Oxygen (ml/l): 0.655 - 0.655
  Phosphate (umol/l): 3.182 - 3.182
  Silicate (umol/l): 149.176 - 149.176
 
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 161 - 161
 
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Depth range based on 6 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 6 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 170 - 618
  Temperature range (°C): 12.333 - 18.219
  Nitrate (umol/L): 10.594 - 18.196
  Salinity (PPS): 35.427 - 36.135
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.983 - 3.592
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.783 - 1.293
  Silicate (umol/l): 5.295 - 8.739

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 170 - 618

Temperature range (°C): 12.333 - 18.219

Nitrate (umol/L): 10.594 - 18.196

Salinity (PPS): 35.427 - 36.135

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.983 - 3.592

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.783 - 1.293

Silicate (umol/l): 5.295 - 8.739
 
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2652 - 3264
  Temperature range (°C): 2.722 - 3.076
  Nitrate (umol/L): 16.816 - 20.212
  Salinity (PPS): 34.945 - 34.953
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.852 - 6.351
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.128 - 1.358
  Silicate (umol/l): 13.921 - 30.204

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2652 - 3264

Temperature range (°C): 2.722 - 3.076

Nitrate (umol/L): 16.816 - 20.212

Salinity (PPS): 34.945 - 34.953

Oxygen (ml/l): 5.852 - 6.351

Phosphate (umol/l): 1.128 - 1.358

Silicate (umol/l): 13.921 - 30.204
 
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Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 48 - 48
 
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 4064 - 4087
  Temperature range (°C): 1.800 - 1.820
  Nitrate (umol/L): 37.646 - 37.696
  Salinity (PPS): 34.688 - 34.694
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.124 - 3.179
  Phosphate (umol/l): 2.580 - 2.649
  Silicate (umol/l): 149.828 - 152.946

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 4064 - 4087

Temperature range (°C): 1.800 - 1.820

Nitrate (umol/L): 37.646 - 37.696

Salinity (PPS): 34.688 - 34.694

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.124 - 3.179

Phosphate (umol/l): 2.580 - 2.649

Silicate (umol/l): 149.828 - 152.946
 
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Depth range based on 11 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 6 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 750 - 3822
  Temperature range (°C): 2.431 - 3.585
  Nitrate (umol/L): 14.272 - 32.413
  Salinity (PPS): 34.490 - 34.960
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.388 - 6.583
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.115 - 2.050
  Silicate (umol/l): 11.697 - 45.104

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 750 - 3822

Temperature range (°C): 2.431 - 3.585

Nitrate (umol/L): 14.272 - 32.413

Salinity (PPS): 34.490 - 34.960

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.388 - 6.583

Phosphate (umol/l): 1.115 - 2.050

Silicate (umol/l): 11.697 - 45.104
 
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Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2158 - 2699
  Temperature range (°C): 3.072 - 3.621
  Nitrate (umol/L): 16.816 - 19.393
  Salinity (PPS): 34.949 - 34.954
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.934 - 6.351
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.128 - 1.285
  Silicate (umol/l): 13.921 - 24.535

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2158 - 2699

Temperature range (°C): 3.072 - 3.621

Nitrate (umol/L): 16.816 - 19.393

Salinity (PPS): 34.949 - 34.954

Oxygen (ml/l): 5.934 - 6.351

Phosphate (umol/l): 1.128 - 1.285

Silicate (umol/l): 13.921 - 24.535
 
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 545 - 642
  Temperature range (°C): 5.800 - 6.993
  Nitrate (umol/L): 30.408 - 38.732
  Salinity (PPS): 34.113 - 34.211
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.036 - 2.252
  Phosphate (umol/l): 2.193 - 2.793
  Silicate (umol/l): 47.960 - 71.552

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 545 - 642

Temperature range (°C): 5.800 - 6.993

Nitrate (umol/L): 30.408 - 38.732

Salinity (PPS): 34.113 - 34.211

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.036 - 2.252

Phosphate (umol/l): 2.193 - 2.793

Silicate (umol/l): 47.960 - 71.552
 
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 40 - 203
  Temperature range (°C): 15.214 - 21.123
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.866 - 15.844
  Salinity (PPS): 35.980 - 36.289
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.063 - 4.795
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.129 - 0.698
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.064 - 7.364

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 40 - 203

Temperature range (°C): 15.214 - 21.123

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.866 - 15.844

Salinity (PPS): 35.980 - 36.289

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.063 - 4.795

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.129 - 0.698

Silicate (umol/l): 2.064 - 7.364
 
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Depth range based on 6 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 6 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1485 - 3058
  Temperature range (°C): 1.878 - 3.268
  Nitrate (umol/L): 37.386 - 42.548
  Salinity (PPS): 34.605 - 34.670
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.875 - 3.488
  Phosphate (umol/l): 2.605 - 3.053
  Silicate (umol/l): 110.371 - 155.778

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1485 - 3058

Temperature range (°C): 1.878 - 3.268

Nitrate (umol/L): 37.386 - 42.548

Salinity (PPS): 34.605 - 34.670

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.875 - 3.488

Phosphate (umol/l): 2.605 - 3.053

Silicate (umol/l): 110.371 - 155.778
 
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Depth range based on 147 specimens in 7 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 87 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 1795
  Temperature range (°C): 3.616 - 14.162
  Nitrate (umol/L): 6.526 - 30.354
  Salinity (PPS): 32.618 - 35.977
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.183 - 6.394
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.624 - 1.920
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.916 - 24.399

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 1795

Temperature range (°C): 3.616 - 14.162

Nitrate (umol/L): 6.526 - 30.354

Salinity (PPS): 32.618 - 35.977

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.183 - 6.394

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.624 - 1.920

Silicate (umol/l): 3.916 - 24.399
 
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:35
Specimens with Sequences:19
Specimens with Barcodes:18
Species:3
Species With Barcodes:2
Public Records:3
Public Species:2
Public BINs:3
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Barcode data

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Wikipedia

Dentalium (genus)


Dentalium is a genus of tooth shells or tusk shells, marine scaphopod molluscs in the family Dentaliidae.[1]

Contents

Human use

Native Americans

The shells of Dentalium neohexagonum are known to have been used by the Chumash people at least as early as circa 1000 AD, in the Morro Bay area.[2]

18th century European use

In pre-modern medicine, these shells were considered an excellent alkali, and apothecaries would pulverize them for use in several preparations. The shell used for this purpose was described by Joseph Pitton de Tournefort in London in the 18th century as being "of a tubular, or conical form, about 3 inches long; of a shining, greenish white; hollow; light, and divided lengthwise by parallel lines, running from top to bottom. It is about the thickness of a feather, and bears some resemblance to a canine tooth." However, it was considered at that time to be very rare, and in lieu of that, another shell was usually substituted. This was described as a multi-colored shell found in the sand where the tide had fallen; this shell was not channeled, or fluted.[3] The large green shell to which the writer first refers must have been either Dentalium elephantinum or Dentalium aprinum, both of which are large and greenish, and live in the Indo-Pacific zone. The other shell was presumably another species, possibly Dentalium entale, which is native to Great Britain.

Species

Species within the genus Dentalium include:

References

  1. ^ "dentalium". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. 1989.
  2. ^ Hogan, 2008
  3. ^  This article incorporates content from the 1728 Cyclopaedia, a publication in the public domain.
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