The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Abbott, R.T. 1974. American Seashells. 2nd ed. Van Nostrand Reinhold: New York, NY (USA). 663 pp.
  • Beal, B. 1993. Major Predators of Cultured Shellfish. Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, 180: 4.
  • Bouchet P., Gofas S. & Rosenberg G. (2015). WoRMS Mollusca: World Marine Mollusca database (version Feb 2013). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Bromley, J.E.C., and J.S. Bleakney. 1984. Keys to the fauna and flora of Minas Basin. National Research Council of Canada Report 24119. 366 p.
  • Brooks, W. K., 1879. Preliminary observations upon the development of the marine prosobranchiate gasteropods. Stud. Biol. Lab., Johns Hopkins Univ., 1: no. 5, pp. 121-142.
  • Buchsbaum, R., M. Buchsbaum, J. Pearse, V. Pearse. 1987. Animals Without Backbones Third Edition. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Bumpus, H. C., 1898. The breeding of animals at Woods Holl during the month of May, 1898. Science, 8: 58-61.
  • C. H. Peterson, The importance of predation and competition in organizing the intertidal epifaunal communities of Barnegat Inlet, New Jersey, Oecologia (Berlin) 39:1-24, from p. 8 (1979).
  • Chapman, C. 1955. Feeding Habits of Southern Oyster Drill. Proc. National Shellfish Association, 47: 169-176.
  • Cohen, A.N., (2005). Guide to the exotic species of San Francisco Bay., External link.
  • Conklin, E. G., 1891. Preliminary note on the embryology of Crepidula fornicata and of Urosalpinx cinerea. Johns Hopkins Univ. Circ., 10: 89-90.
  • Costello, D., C. Henley. "Methods For Obtaining And Handling Marine Eggs And Embryos" (On-line). Accessed February 24, 2001 at
  • EPA, April 6, 2001. "Global Warming Coastal Fisheries" (On-line). Accessed May 4, 2001 at
  • Eno, N.C., Clark, R.A. & Sanderson, W.G. (ed.), (1997). Non-native marine species in British waters: a review and directory. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. External link.
  • Federighi, H., 1931. Studies on the oyster drill ( Urosalpinx cinerea, Say). Bull. U. S. Burl Fish., 47. 85-115.
  • Federigtti, H., 1937. Culture methods for Urosalpinx cinerea. In: Culture Methods for Invertebrate Animals, edit. by Galtsoff et al., Comstock, Ithaca, pp. 532-536.
  • Gibson, R., Hextall, B. & Rogers, A., (2001). Photographic guide to the sea and seashore life of Britain and north-west Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press. External link.
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. 2001. Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50:
  • Gosner, K. 1978. A Field Guide to the Atlantic Seashore. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Gosner, K.L. 1971. Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 693 p.
  • Graham, A., (1988). Molluscs: prosobranchs and pyramellid gastropods (2nd ed.). Leiden: E.J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys. [Synopses of the British Fauna No. 2] External link.
  • Hancock, D. A., 1956. The structure of the capsule and the hatching process in Urosalpinx cinerea (Say). Proc. Zool. Soc., London, 127: 565-571.
  • Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C., (1996). Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins. External link.
  • Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S., (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and north-west Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press. External link.
  • Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). 1990. The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp.
  • ITIS database
  • JNCC, 1998. "Urosalpinx cinerea" (On-line). Accessed May 4, 2001 at
  • Lebour, M. V., 1937. The eggs and larvae of the British prosobranchs with special reference to those living in the plankton. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., 22: 105-166.
  • NBN (National Biodiversity Network), (2002). National Biodiversity Network gateway., 2008-10-31 00:00:00 External link.
  • NOAA, C. September 31, 2000. "The American Oyster" (On-line). Accessed May 4, 2001 at
  • Nelson, J. R., 1931. Trapping the oyster drill. New Jersey Agric. Exp. Stat. Bull. no. 523.
  • Nichols, D., J. Cooke. 1971. The Oxford Book Of Invertebrates. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Pearse, V., J. Pearse, M. Buchsbaum, R. Buchsbaum. 1987. Living Invertebrates. Pacific Grove, California: The Boxwood Press.
  • Pratt, H. 1916. A Manual Of The Common Invertebrate Animals. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & CO..
  • Rosenberg, G. 2004. Malacolog Version 3.3.2: Western Atlantic gastropod database. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. 2005. Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453
  • Trott, T.J. 2004. Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.
  • Turgeon, D. D., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, W. K. Emerson, W. G. Lyons, W. Pratt, et al. 1988. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 16. vii + 277
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526
  • Turgeon, D.D., et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates of the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26


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