The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Fishelson, L. 1966. Solenostomus cyanopterus Bleeker (Teleostei, Solenostomidae) in Elat (Gulf of Akaba). Israel Journal of Zoology 15: 95-103.
  • Kawahara, R., Miya, M., Mabuchi, K., Lavoue, S., Inoue, J. G., Satoh, T. P., Kawaguchi, A. and M. Nishida, M. 2008. Interrelationships of the 11 gasterosteiform families (sticklebacks, pipefishes, and their relatives): a new perspective based on whole mitogenome sequences from 75 higher teleosts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46: 224–236.
  • MASDEA (1997).
  • Nelson, J.S. 2006. Fishes of the World, 4th edition. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey.
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • Orr, J. W., & R.A. Fritzsche. 1993. Revision of the Ghost Pipefishes, Family Solenostomidae (Teleostei: Syngnathoidei). Copeia 1993(1): 168-182.
  • Orr, J. W., R. A. Fritzsche, and J. E. Randall. 2002. Solenostomus halimeda, a new species of ghost pipefish (Teleostei: Gasterosteiformes) from the Indo Pacific, with a revised key to known species of the family Solenostomidae. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 5(3): 99-108.
  • Shiino, Sueo M. 1976. List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations. Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4. 262
  • Wetzel, J., & J.P. Wourms. 1995. Adaptations for reproduction and development in the skin-brooding ghost pipefishes, Solenostomus. Environmental Biology of Fishes 44: 363-384.
  • Wetzel, J., J.P. Wourms, and J. Friel. 1997. Comparative morphology of cotylephores in Platystacus and Solenostomus: modifications of the integument for egg attachment in skin-brooding fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 50: 13–25.
  • WoRMS (2015). Solenostomidae. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2015) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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