The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Lundberg, John G., and Michael W. Littmann / Reis, Roberto E., Sven O. Kullander, et al., eds. 2003. Family Pimelodidae (Long-whiskered catfishes). Check List of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. 432-446
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, et al., eds. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, Sixth Edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 29. ix + 386
  • Riehl, R., and H. A. Baensch. 1989. Aquarium Atlas. 992


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