The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Sterrer W. (2015). WoRMS Gnathostomulida: World list of Gnathostomulida (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Sterrer, W. (1969). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Gnathostomulida I. Anatomie und Morphologie des Genus Pterognathia Sterrer. Arkiv för Zoologi , Serie 2, 22(1): 1-125. External link.
  • Sterrer, W. (2015). Haplognathia gubbarnorum (Sterrer, 1969). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Sterrer, Wolfgang / van der Steen, Louise J., ed. 1998. Gnathostomulida from the (sub)tropical northwestern Atlantic. Publications of the Foundation for Scientific Research in the Caribbean Region, vol. 142: Studies on the natural history of the Caribbean Region, vol. 74. 1-178
  • Sterrer, Wolfgang. 1972. Systematics and evolution within the Gnathostomulida. Systematic Zoology, vol. 21, no. 2. 151-173
  • Sterrer, Wolfgang. 2001. Gnathostomulida from Australia and Papua New Guinea. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, vol. 42, no. 4. 363-395


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