The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Ferraris, Carl J., Jr., and Mário C. C. de Pinna. 1999. Higher-level Names for Catfishes (Actinopterygii: Ostariophysi: Siluriformes). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, vol. 51, no. 1. 1-17
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • Riehl, R., and H. A. Baensch. 1989. Aquarium Atlas. 992


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