The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Emig, C. (2015). Phoronis pallida. In: Emig, C.C. (Ed) (2015). World Phoronida database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Emig, C.C. (Ed) . (2013). WoRMS Phoronida: World Phoronida database (version 2013-03-04). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Emig, C.C. 1979. British and other phoronids: keys and notes for the identification of the species. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 13. Academic Press: London, UK. ISBN 0-12-238750-3. 57 pp.
  • Phoronis pallida
  • Silén, L. (1952). Research on Phoronida of the Gullmar Fiord area (West coast of Sweden). Ark. Zool. 4(4): 95-140.
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms


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