Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)

Name Relationship
Golfingia (Golfingia) margaritacea (Sars 1851) Preferred
Golfingia margaritacea (Sars, 1851) Synonym
Phascolosoma margaritaceum (Sars, 1851)
Sipunculus margaritaceus Sars, 1851
Homalosoma laeve Oersted in Keferstein, 1865
Sipunculus (Phascolosomum) oerstedii Quatrefages, 1865
Phascolosoma oerstedii (Quatrefages, 1865)
Phascolosoma capsiforme Baird, 1868
Phascolosoma albidum Théel, 1875
Phascolosoma fulgens Théel, 1875
Phascolosoma (Sipunculus) margaritaceum (Sars, 1851)
Stephanostoma hansenii Danielssen & Koren, 1880
Stephanostoma barentsii Horst, 1881
Phascolosoma pudicum Selenka, 1885
Phascolosoma antarcticum Michaelsen, 1889
Phascolosoma georgianum Michaelsen, 1889
Phascolosoma profundum Roule, 1898
Phascolosoma okinoseanum Ikeda, 1904
Phascolosoma hanseni (Danielssen & Koren, 1880)
Phascolosoma trybomi Théel, 1905
Phascolosoma socium Lanchester, 1908
Phascolosoma nordenskjoldi Théel, 1911
Phascolosoma ohlini Théel, 1911
Phascolosoma mawsoni Benham, 1922
Phascolosoma glossipapillosum Satô, 1934
Phascolosoma noto Satô, 1934
Phascolosoma signum Satô, 1934
Phascolosoma soyo Satô, 1934
Golfingia (Golfingia) ikedai Fisher, 1950
Golfingia (Golfingia) okinoseana (Ikeda, 1904)
Golfingia (Golfingia) trybomi (Théel, 1905)
Golfingia (Golfingia) nordenskjoldi (Théel, 1911)
Golfingia (Golfingia) glossipapillosa (Satô, 1934)
Golfingia (Golfingia) noto (Satô, 1934)
Golfingia (Golfingia) signa (Satô, 1934)
Golfingia (Golfingia) soyo (Satô, 1934)
Golfingia (Golfingia) ohlini (Théel, 1911)
Golfingia (Golfingia) pudica (Selenka, 1885)
Golfingia nordenskjöldi (Théel, 1911)
Golfingia ohlini (Théel, 1911)
Golfingia cantabriensis Edmonds, 1960
Golfingia mawsoni (Benham, 1922)
Golfingia (Golfingia) profunda (Roule, 1898)
Golfingia (Golfingia) nota (Satô, 1934)
Golfingia (Golfingia) soya (Satô, 1934)
Golfingia (Golfingia) cantabriensis Edmonds, 1960
Golfingia (Golfingia) mawsoni (Benham, 1922)
Golfingia (Golfingiella) pudica (Selenka 1885)
Golfingia signa (Satô, 1934)
Phascolosoma fuscum Michaelsen, 1889
Phascolosoma japonicum Ikeda, 1904


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