The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Heller, C. (1878). Beitrage zur nahern Kenntnis der Tunicaten. Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenchaften, Wien. 77, 83-110.
  • Heller, C. (1878) Beitrage zur nahern Kenntniss der Tunicaten Sitzber. Acad. Wiss. Wien, 77(1): 2-28.
  • Land J. van der (ed) (†) (2015). URMO: UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (version Nov 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Moreira da Rocha, R.; Sanamyan, K. (2015). Microcosmus exasperatus. In: Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2015) Ascidiacea World Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms


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