Overview

Comprehensive Description

Remarks

9 species known; found in deep sea hydrothermal vent and methane seep communities.

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© Wilson, Robin

Source: Annelida LifeDesk

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Description

Prostomium anteriorly truncated, simple. Buccal tentacles smooth. Prostomial dorsal glandular ridges absent. Branchiae 4 pairs. All branchiae similar, all smooth. Only last pair of branchiae clearly associated with a specific segment. Paleae on segment 3 absent. Dorsal crest present. Nuchal (post branchial) hooks on segment 4 absent. Notopodia all similar. Neuropodia present. Segments 3–6 without neurochaetae. Number of pairs of thoracic uncinigers 14. Abdominal notopodial rudiments present. Anal cirri present, 1 pair.

Description generated from: Hutchings, PA & Johnson, RT, 2003. Australian Ampharetidae (Polychaeta) DELTA database. In Wilson RS, Hutchings PA & Glasby CJ (eds) Polychaetes: Interactive Identification and Information Retrieval. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Additional references:
Fauchald, K. 1977. The polychaete worms. Definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 28, 1-188.
Stiller, J., Rousset, V., Pleijel, F., Chevaldonné, P., Vrijenhoek, R. C., & Rouse, G. W. (2013). Phylogeny, biogeography and systematics of hydrothermal vent and methane seep Amphisamytha (Ampharetidae, Annelida), with descriptions of three new species. Systematics and Biodiversity, 11(1), 35-65.
Reuscher, M., Fiege, D., & Wehe, T. (2009). Four new species of Ampharetidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from Pacific hot vents and cold seeps, with a key and synoptic table of characters for all genera. Zootaxa, 2191, 1-40.

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Source: Annelida LifeDesk

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Distribution

Distribution within Australia: Not known from Australia.

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© Wilson, Robin

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Ecology

Habitat

Deep sea.

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© Wilson, Robin

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Depth range based on 117 specimens in 3 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 106 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1519.5 - 3660
  Temperature range (°C): 1.629 - 2.931
  Nitrate (umol/L): 21.028 - 43.603
  Salinity (PPS): 34.493 - 34.944
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.130 - 5.742
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.396 - 3.060
  Silicate (umol/l): 34.435 - 177.173

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1519.5 - 3660

Temperature range (°C): 1.629 - 2.931

Nitrate (umol/L): 21.028 - 43.603

Salinity (PPS): 34.493 - 34.944

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.130 - 5.742

Phosphate (umol/l): 1.396 - 3.060

Silicate (umol/l): 34.435 - 177.173
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:90
Specimens with Sequences:91
Specimens with Barcodes:90
Species:9
Species With Barcodes:9
Public Records:85
Public Species:9
Public BINs:12
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Genomic DNA is available from 2 specimens with morphological vouchers housed at Bermuda Aquarium, Museum and Zoo
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© Ocean Genome Legacy

Source: Ocean Genome Resource

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