The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • C. H. Peterson, The importance of predation and competition in organizing the intertidal epifaunal communities of Barnegat Inlet, New Jersey, Oecologia (Berlin) 39:1-24, from p. 8 (1979).
  • Fauchald, K. 1977. The polychaete worms: Definitions and keys to the orders, families, and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 28. 190
  • Gunnerus, J. E. (1768). Om Nogle Norske Coraller. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers selskabs skrifter. 4: 38-73.
  • Read, G.; Fiege, D.; Bellan, G. (2015). Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2016). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!