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Overview

Brief Summary

The Bougainvillea plant is an ornamental plant in places with warm weather. It can be a vine, a bush, or a tree. It has large thorns that are coated with a black waxy substance. The Bougainvilla is an evergreen plant, meaning that is has leaves year round and that these leaves are always green. It has very small white flowers that are surrounded by larger petals that are usually pink, magenta, or purple, but can also be red, orange, white, or even yellow.

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Comprehensive Description

Description

Woody shrubs, often spiny and climbing. Leaves alternate. Flowers small, inconspicuous, enclosed by (usually 3) large showy purple, red, orange or white bracts, the pedicels adnate to the midvein of the bracts. Perianth: lower part usually green; upper part 5-6-lobed, rose or yellow. Stamens 5-10. Fruit 5-ribbed.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Bougainvillea

Scandent or less frequently erect shrubs or small trees, usually with axillary spines. Leaves alternate or subopposite, simple; petioles slender; stipules absent. Flowers bisexual, in axillary dichasial cymes, with 3 flowers, each of which is subtended by 1 brilliantly colored foliaceous bract. Perianth tubular, consisting only of the calyx, with small imbricate lobes; stamens 5-8(10), included; ovary superior, stipitate, fusiform, the stigma unilateral. Fruit a fusiform anthocarp with 5 longitudinal ribs, not glandular. A genus of about 18 species, native to South America, cultivated throughout the tropics and subtropics.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:31
Specimens with Sequences:41
Specimens with Barcodes:30
Species:9
Species With Barcodes:8
Public Records:15
Public Species:7
Public BINs:0
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data: Bougainvillea cf. glabra (BGM)

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Bougainvillea cf. glabra (BGM)

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Bougainvillea × buttiana

Bougainvillea × buttiana Holttum & Standl. is an artificial hybrid of Bougainvillea glabra and Bougainvillea peruviana.[1]

Flower surrounded by bracts of Bougainvillea × buttiana

Description[edit]

Bougainvillea × buttiana is an evergreen, climbing vine, with thorny stems and tiny trumpet shaped white flowers, usually appearing in clusters surrounded by three showy bright magenta-rose papery bracts. The leaves are ovate and dark green.

References[edit]

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Source: Wikipedia

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