Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 2898 specimens in 10 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 451 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -14 - 408
  Temperature range (°C): -1.363 - 23.436
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.437 - 18.830
  Salinity (PPS): 6.095 - 36.284
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.113 - 8.544
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.048 - 1.740
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.824 - 50.947

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -14 - 408

Temperature range (°C): -1.363 - 23.436

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.437 - 18.830

Salinity (PPS): 6.095 - 36.284

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.113 - 8.544

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.048 - 1.740

Silicate (umol/l): 1.824 - 50.947
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Associations

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Animal / parasite
Pinnotheres pisum parasitises Mytilus

Animal / endozoite
immersed perithecium of Pyrenocollema halodytes lives within live shell of Mytilus

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Known predators

Mytilus (Mytilus, Balanus) is prey of:
Pagurus
Cancer
Polinices
Asterias
Myoxocephalus
Haematopus
Somateria
Laridae
Thais
Carcinus
Tautogolabrus
Actinopterygii
Aves
Mammalia
Carcinides
Fundulus

Based on studies in:
USA: Massachusetts, Cape Ann (Marine, Sublittoral)
Scotland, Ythan estuary (Estuarine)
USA: Maine, Gulf of Maine (Littoral, Rocky shore)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • D. C. Edwards, D. O. Conover, F. Sutter, Mobile predators and the structure of marine intertidal communities, Ecology 63(4):1175-1180, from p. 1178 (1982).
  • H. Milne and G. M. Dunnet, Standing crop, productivity and trophic relations of the fauna of the Ythan estuary. In: The Estuarine Environment, R. S. K. Barnes and J. Green, Eds. (Applied Science Publications, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1972), pp. 86-106, from
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 272 (1947).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 278 (1947).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 287 (1947).
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Known prey organisms

Mytilus (Mytilus, Balanus) preys on:
plankton
detritus
suspended organic matter

Based on studies in:
USA: Massachusetts, Cape Ann (Marine, Sublittoral)
USA: Maine, Gulf of Maine (Littoral, Rocky shore)
Scotland, Ythan estuary (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • D. C. Edwards, D. O. Conover, F. Sutter, Mobile predators and the structure of marine intertidal communities, Ecology 63(4):1175-1180, from p. 1178 (1982).
  • H. Milne and G. M. Dunnet, Standing crop, productivity and trophic relations of the fauna of the Ythan estuary. In: The Estuarine Environment, R. S. K. Barnes and J. Green, Eds. (Applied Science Publications, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1972), pp. 86-106, from
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 272 (1947).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 278 (1947).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 287 (1947).
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© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:1892
Specimens with Sequences:1734
Specimens with Barcodes:1525
Species:91
Species With Barcodes:90
Public Records:1471
Public Species:86
Public BINs:33
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Mytilus (genus)

Mytilus edulis shells washed up on the beach

Mytilus is a cosmopolitan genus of medium to large-sized edible saltwater mussels, marine bivalve molluscs in the family Mytilidae.[1]

Mytilus mussel in California, showing the byssus threads

Species[edit]

Species within the genus Mytilus include:

Human use[edit]

Mytilus mussels are widely exploited as food and used in mariculture. For instance, in California, they have been consumed by coastal Native American people for almost 12 000 years. [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A.W.B. Powell, New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
  2. ^ Erlandson, Jon M., T.C. Rick, T.J. Braje, A. Steinberg, & R.L.Vellanoweth. 2008. Human Impacts on Ancient Shellfish: A 10,000 Year Record from San Miguel Island, California. Journal of Archaeological Science 35:2144-2152.


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