Data about <i>Penstemon brevisepalus</i>

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Distribution

 
native range includes
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Lower 48 United States of America
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
introduced range includes
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Canada
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
geographic distribution
  • geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
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Mesoamerica - Mexico - Veracruz
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Arkansas
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Georgia
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Illinois
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Iowa
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Kansas
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Kentucky
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Maine
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Michigan
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Minnesota
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Missouri
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - New York
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - North Carolina
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Tennessee
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Vermont
Missouri Botanical Garden  
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North America - United States - Virginia
Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physical Description

 
plant height average
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1.5 ft mature
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
 
plant height
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1.5 ft adult
See original source  
  • source missing
 
plant growth habit
  • plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
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forb/herb
  • forb/herb
    Vascular plant without significant woody tissue above or at the ground. Forbs and herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial but always lack significant thickening by secondary woody growth and have perennating buds borne at or below the ground surface. In the PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/), graminoids are excluded but ferns, horsetails, lycopods, and whisk-ferns are included.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/forbHerb
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

 
habitat
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clearing
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
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clearing
See original source  
  • source missing
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cliff
Environments - EOL project  
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cliff
Environments - EOL project  
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grassland
  • grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
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limestone
  • limestone
    A sedimentary rock composed largely of the mineral calcite.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002053
Environments - EOL project  
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plateau
  • plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
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prairie
  • prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
See original source  
  • source missing
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prairie
  • prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
prairie
  • prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Environments - EOL project  
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sandstone
  • sandstone
    A sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002055
Environments - EOL project  
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savanna
  • savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
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non-marine
IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
 
wetland indicator status (NWPL)
  • wetland indicator status (NWPL)
    Five indicator statuses, or ratings, are used in the United States National Wetland Plant List to designate a plant species’ preference for occurrence in a wetland or upland: Upland (UPL), Facultative Upland (FACU), Facultative (FAC), Facultative Wetland (FACW), and Obligate Wetland (OBL). The statuses represent the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus nonwetlands in a region.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WetlandIndicatorStatus
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facultative upland
  • facultative upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
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facultative upland
  • facultative upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
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facultative upland
  • facultative upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
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upland
National Wetland Plant List  
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upland
National Wetland Plant List  
 
interacts with
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
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soil requirements ft
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needs dry soils
See original source  
  • source missing
 
soil requirements
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needs dry soils
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
 
shade tolerance
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needs sun to partial shade
See original source  
  • source missing
Additional detail
needs sun to partial shade
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Life History and Behavior

 
life cycle habit
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perennial
  • perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
See original source  
  • source missing
Additional detail
perennial
  • perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
perennial
  • perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
bloom period begin
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late April
  • late April
    Near the end of the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateApril
See original source  
  • source missing
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late April
  • late April
    Near the end of the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateApril
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
 
bloom period end
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May
  • May
    The fifth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106184
See original source  
  • source missing
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May
  • May
    The fifth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106184
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Conservation

 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

 
plant propagation method
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cold moist stratification
  • cold moist stratification
    Cold moist stratification in a refrigerator in a plastic freezer bag.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationColdMoistStrat
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
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cold moist stratification
  • cold moist stratification
    Cold moist stratification in a refrigerator in a plastic freezer bag.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationColdMoistStrat
See original source  
  • source missing
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dry seed storage
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
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Propagation Dry
See original source  
  • source missing
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sow early in greenhouse
  • sow early in greenhouse
    The plant develops slowly in greenhouse production. Sow early in the season.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationEarlyGreenhouse
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
 
seed/spore extraction
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air-dry seed pods
  • air-dry seed pods
    Air-dry seed pods (may require collecting early and caging to catch fluffy seed or exploding seed pods)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractAirDry
See original source  
  • source missing
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air-dry seed pods
  • air-dry seed pods
    Air-dry seed pods (may require collecting early and caging to catch fluffy seed or exploding seed pods)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractAirDry
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
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crack dry capsules
  • crack dry capsules
    Crack dry capsules under foot or with rolling pin.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractCrack
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
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crack dry capsules
  • crack dry capsules
    Crack dry capsules under foot or with rolling pin.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractCrack
See original source  
  • source missing
 
germination treatment
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Germination Early
See original source  
  • source missing

Database and Repository Coverage

 
type specimen repository
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National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
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National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  

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