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Northern Bugleweed is a fairly typical example of the Lycopus spp. that occur in Illinois. Its calyx can be distinguished from those of similar species by its short length (1.0 mm. or less) and broad teeth. Other Lycopus spp. within the state have longer calyces with narrow teeth. An exception is Lycopus virginicus (Virginia Bugleweed), which has the same type of calyx. This latter species, however, has leaves that taper abruptly toward their bases, rather than gradually, and its leaf margins have more abundant smaller teeth. The root systems of these two species are also somewhat different


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

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